That will do. But somehow you still want to come here. A ritsuryo code for Buddhist clerics dated 718 CE, promulgated by the Nara government in Japan, forbid the use of dharani for any unauthorized medical treatment, military and political rebellion. This is the magic. It’s scattered. Origin. , According to Winternitz, a Buddhist dharani resembles the incantations and mantras found in Hinduism. Then they should take these copies of the charms, place them inside the pagoda, and make offerings at the pagoda. A user from India says the name Bhavadharani is of Sanskrit origin and means "Bhava means emotion, expressions Dharani means earth". All this is the dharani, the holding, hinging it together and putting it together. Dharani [also refers to] a hinge or method that will not let [you] fall into the abyss of all kinds of extremes or duality. The part of the liturgy titled "Reciting the Dharani and Making Offerings" is divided into two. The chant. Usnisa Vijaya Dharani Sutra is an ancient Mahayana sutra from India. The drupchö1drupchö (Tibetan: སྒྲུབ་མཆོད་, Wylie: sgrub mchod) = an elaborate and intensive form of sadhana practice held over several days (usually three to eight days) - see drupchö., was held on November 19-24, 2020. , Dharani are found in the ancient texts of all major traditions of Buddhism. Which is unfortunate10Ed.  They were an essential part of the monastic training in Buddhism's history in East Asia. music. Avalokiteshvara claims that [for] each and every word, he has spent millions and millions of lifetimes just putting the words together, so to speak.  Mantra and dharani are synonymous in some Buddhist traditions, but in others such as the Tibetan tantric traditions a dharani is a type of mantra.  For example, the Guanding jing composed in mid-5th century in China is largely a collection of magical spells in the dharani-genre in twelve semi-independent chapters. There are many different ways to understand [dharani], on the ultimate level and on the relative level. Instead, the evidence points to an overlap but that the significance of the dharanis in mainstream Buddhist traditions and the esoteric Buddhist tantra tradition co-existed independent of each other. The text, states Donald Swearer, includes a "unique dharani in praise of the Buddha" and his victory over the evil Mara.  The second council occurred about 200 years after the death of the Buddha in a grove provided by Ashoka, where the knowledge was compiled again, but it too did not write anything down. User account menu. November 19, 2020 Hearing the teachings is really one of the most important dharanis.  The most significant and popular Mahayana sutras such as the Lotus Sutra, Heart Sutra and others prominently include dharani chapters. The code explicitly exempted their use for "healing of the sick by chanting dharanis in accordance with the Buddha dharma".  While a 443 CE Chinese translation of Lankavatara Sutra does not contain some of the dharani chapters, other Chinese translations dated to the 2nd-century and 4th-century CE of Mahayana texts do contain dharanis.  According to Ross Bender, these events and Empress Shōtoku's initiatives led to the founding of major new Buddhist temples, a "great acceleration" and the "active propagation of Buddhism" in Japan.  Some of the oldest Buddhist religious inscriptions in Stupas (Dagoba, Chörten) are extracts from dharani-genre compositions such as the Bodhigarbhalankaralaksa-dharani. At the moment there is a fabric called samsara, and [another] fabric called nirvana, and they don’t talk to each other, so to speak. Not just the [pandemic] situation, many times our life has lots of challenges. And I believe for most of us, it will only get better. Submit the origin and/or meaning of Dharani to us below. This and similar statements are also found in the early Chinese translations of Indian Buddhist texts. If you are waging a war, and let’s say the enemy has three really important generals13Ed.  The historic Mahayana dharanis have survived as single manuscripts as well as large collections. Illustrations include:, Sanskrit mantra, siddham-dharani chant with commentary (135 secs). It’s so important. These are dated to the first half of the 8th-century, and now considered as the oldest known printed texts in the world. Refers to high levels of mindfulness (smriti) and insight (prajna) derived from spiritual practice. However, the dharanis were not unique to esoteric Mahayana texts. While they may once have been "memory aids", the dharanis that have survived into the modern era do not match with any text. For additional information, see Practice: Ushnishavijaya Dharani.. How I wish I had the skill of Mañjushri and the wit of Avalokiteshvara and the assertiveness of Vajrapani to explain this to you. Dzongsar Jamyang Khyentse Rinpoche's name is abbreviated to "DJKR" throughout. By the 9th-century, the era of mass printing and the sale of books had begun covering additional subjects such as "astrology, divination of dreams, alchemy, and geomancy". , — Buddha to monk Svati, in Mahamayuri 58.20–59.6Translator: Ronald Davidson, According to Winternitz, a dharani resembles the incantations found in the Atharvaveda and Yajurveda of Hinduism. You look forward to doing this. Because this word [dharani] is so beautiful and so profound. To be more specific, what is it that acts as the hinge or the button or the zipper? This dharani cites 84 of the manifestations that Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara will take to help people along the spiritual way. HUM: Vajra power or Vajra energy mantra: magical-formula or invocation with occult power of sound. Origin of Dharani. What magic! For example, the discoveries of dharani fragments by Duan Yuquan show that the ancient Buddhist. This dharani is what we need to count on.  The Indologist Moriz Winternitz concurred in early 20th-century that dharanis constituted a "large and important" part of Mahayana Buddhism, and that they were magic formulae and "protective spells" as well as amulets.  The dharani mantras, in contrast, constitute that knowledge in tantric Buddhism which "causes one to hold onto the dhamma, to remember the dhamma, to remember virtue". Close.  The Theravada Paritrana texts are equivalent to the Dharani texts in the Mahayana tradition, both providing protective charm through chanting of hymns. According to Paul Copp, one of the earliest attestable literary mandate about writing dharanis as an effective spell in itself is found in a Chinese text dated between 317 and 420 CE. Some are a part of various suttas, while others are dedicated texts. , Dharanis are not limited to an esoteric cult within Buddhism, states Paul Copp, rather the "dharani incantations and related mystic phrases and practices have been integral parts of nearly all Buddhist traditions since at least the early centuries of the common era". There are many different kinds of dharanis, and there are three categories of dharanis specifically mentioned here in the text3The part of the liturgy titled "Reciting the Dharani and Making Offerings" is divided into two. There are lots and lots of people on this earth, and they are sort of stuck. They should have the charm copied out seventy-seven times, and out of respect for the ceremony should give the copyist perfume, flowers, food and drink, clean clothes and a bath, and reward him either by anointing and covering him with perfumes or by giving him much money, or by paying him according to his ability. Ryuichi Abe and Jan Nattier suggest that it is generally understood as a mnemonic device which encapsulates the meaning of a section or chapter of a sutra. It’s very inspiring. The second part is the recitation itself, which is preceded by a section titled "Meditative Absorption" in which the "miracle dharani" is mentioned, on p.172.] Dharani, in Buddhism and Hinduism, a sacred Sanskrit phrase of great efficacy, used as a verbal protective device or talisman and as a support or instrument for concentration. Maha Karuna Dharani Sutra (or Nilakantha Dharani), popularly known as the Great Compassion Mantra (or Da Bei Zhou), is an 84-line chant of Mahayana Buddhist origin, first translated from Sanskrit to Chinese in the 7th century.. Sometimes it happens that another name has the same meaning. Please see, zun (Tibetan: གཟུངས་; Wylie: gzungs) - see. In it, the snake deities appear before the Buddha and offer him adoration, then ask how the suffering of snakes, as well as people, can be alleviated. And in the Avalokiteshvara Dharani, there are many parts that are actually a lot to do with healing. Maha Cundi Dharani translation. You are here. [note 3] Coupled with Waddell's scholarship on the "dharani cult in Buddhism" in early 20th-century, the post-colonial era scholarship proposed that dharanis did not develop with or after tantric Buddhism emerged, but preceded it and were a form of proto-tantrism. The guhya mantra are about male deity and female deity relationships and union. Weaknesses in health show in the senses of the head as well as in the various fluid functions of the body. Term also used to denote longer mantras where the meaning can more or less be understood from the sounds. I don’t know whether they are in the Chinese one. 11 months ago.  The first council, according to this belief, compiled the Sutranta, the Vinaya and the Abhidhamma in Vimalabhada to the south of Rajagriha in India. Its chants and ideas were in demand in East Asia, and this led to the development of wood-block based mass printing technology. Because you are doing a dharani, I want to give you some sort of idea or information. Meanings Indian Baby Names Meaning: In Indian Baby Names the meaning of the name Dharani is: Earth. The oldest known dharanis were mass-produced by the 8th-century, and later in the 10th-century the canonical Tripitaka in addition to 84,000 copies of dharanis were mass printed. , The Pali canon makes many references to protective (raksha, paritta) incantations and magical spells. , In northern Thailand, the Suat Boek Phranet (lit.  The tradition of printing and distributing the Buddhist dharanis, as well as transliterated Sanskrit sutras, continued in East Asia over the centuries that followed. Meaning: The meaning of the name Dharani is: Bearing, Earth. due to previous virtue, (2) tsen di töpa dang [i.e. — Buddha to monk Mahamati, in Lankavatara 9.260Translator: Daisetz Teitarō Suzuki, The word dhāraṇī derives from a Sanskrit root √dhṛ meaning "to hold or maintain". In the liturgy, the Tibetan is on p.168 and the English on p.172.. [This is from the part of the liturgy which starts with the words18The part of the liturgy titled "Reciting the Dharani and Making Offerings" is divided into two. The Sakyamuni Buddha was at Potalaka Mountain. According to Kūkai, a Buddhist mantra is restricted to esoteric Buddhist practice whereas dhāraṇī is found in both esoteric and exoteric rituals. This Usnisa Vijaya Dharani is like a Treasury of Sun Mani Pearl -pure and flawless, clear as space, its brilliance illuminating and all-pervading. Archived. They appeared at the end of the text, and they may be seen as a coded, distilled summary of Buddhist teachings in the chapters that preceded it.  According to Janet Gyatso, there is a difference between mantras and dharanis. A submission from Sri Lanka says the name Dharani means "Love" and is of English origin. : for the text of the dharani, see Practice; Ushnishavijaya Dharani, at that time, your mouth is occupied. , The significance of dharanis was such that both the government and monastic organization had stipulated, by the 7th-century, how and when dharanis may or may not be used. That is actually your most fundamental zung (dharani). I have noticed that this is something the Chinese here, you do this very well. Her mantra has infinite benefits. , The Indologist Frits Staal who is known for his scholarship on mantras and chants in Indian religions, states the Dharani mantras reflect a continuity of the Vedic mantras. Among the dharanis, I think one of the longest is the Avalokiteshvara Dharani. In the Vajrayana, this "form" is often spoken of as a "magical display", chotrül (Tibetan: ཆོ་འཕྲུལ་, Wylie: cho ‘phrul) or gyutrül (Tibetan: སྒྱུ་འཕྲུལ་, Wylie: sgyu 'phrul)., and one of the most important ones is these words [i.e. A dharani (Devanagari: धारणी, IAST: dhāraṇī) is a Buddhist chant, mnemonic code, incantation, or recitation, usually a mantra consisting of Sanskrit or Pali phrases. First, the word “samadhi”, which is almost always translated in English as “meditation” and also in Tibetan as "gom". Here the words chötrul mé (Tibetan: ཆོ་འཕྲུལ་རྨད་, Wylie: cho ‘phrul rmad) mean "wondrous magical display".  The mantra exist in three forms – guhya (secret), vidya (knowledge) dharani (memory aid). Please see note. "hold") certain elements of Buddhist doctrine in one's memory". [note 2] Manuscript fragments of Sumukha-dharani discovered in Central Asia and now held at the Leningrad Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences are in the Sanskrit language and the Brahmi script, a script that was prevalent before the early centuries of the common era.. The second part is the recitation itself, which is preceded by a section titled "Meditative Absorption" in which these three kinds of dharanis are mentioned, p.172. I’m sure most of the time you [may] think “Oh, mantra is magical. Given during 10th Ushnishavijaya Drupchö, Taipei, Taiwan Translation does not do it justice. [There is] that kind of connotation. In Nattier's view, the term dharani is "peculiar to Buddhism". This assumption, along with the view that early Buddhism was an "abstract philosophy or even a broad-based social movement" is now a part of a scholarly debate. For example, the single letter "a" (अ) condenses the 100,000 verses of the Prajna-paramita sutras into a single syllable.  The printed Korean text consists of "Chinese characters transliterated from the [Indian] Sanskrit". , According to Robert Buswell and Ronald Davidson, dharani were codes in some Buddhist texts. Now the third one, the more complicated dharani, which is the samadhi-dharani. We don’t remember things.  The Collected Dhāraṇī Sūtras, for example, were compiled in the mid-seventh century. Till the mid-20th-century, the Hyakumantō Darani found as charms in wooden pagodas of Japan were broadly accepted as having been printed between 764 and 770 CE, and the oldest extant printed texts. , The colonial era scholarship initially proposed that the dharanis and related rituals may have been an influence on Buddhism of other Indian religions such as from the esoteric tantra traditions of Hinduism around the mid-1st-millennium CE. For example, in Digha Nikaya (DN I.116.14), Sonadanda remarks that wherever the Buddha stays, "non-humans do not harm the people of that town or village", states the Buddhism scholar Peter Skilling. Like the decorations. Can't find any compound Sanskrit words containing udarani. Others evidence the use of dharani chanting by monks and nuns as "one of the common methods of healing during the Nara period", states Ryûichi Abé. : in the Tibetan Buddhist tradition, the highest practices are those of "non-meditation".. Or maybe a better word is “occupy”. The versions found in Nepal and China include spells to end sickness, lengthen life, recovery from poison, magic for luck in war, drive away demons and snakes, protection from the effects of ill-omened constellations, release from a confessed sin, birth of a son or daughter to a woman wanting a baby, rebirth into sukhavati heaven or avoiding a bad rebirth. Back; Spiritual Cambodia; Training Wayist Coaches; Introduction to Mysticism Workshop; Training for Christian Clergy; Karman Meditation Instructor; Spirituality Workshops for First Timers : in the Tibetan Buddhist tradition, the highest practices are those of "non-meditation". A sort of hopelessness [and] desperation. dharani: an invocation, a long mantra, which has magical powers in its recitation. Meaning of Hindu Girl name Dharani is The Earth; Keeping; Protecting. , Kūkai classified mantras as a special class of dhāraṇīs and argued that every syllable of a dhāraṇī was a manifestation of the true nature of reality – in Buddhist terms, that all sound is a manifestation of śūnyatā or emptiness of self-nature. One-pointed concentration, fixing one’ s full attention on one place, object, or idea at a time. Posted by. Of course, as [your] samadhi gets better, even this distraction gets "cancelled" so to speak11Ed. [At times] it’s good to be like a blade of grass.  For example, the Vajrasamadhi-sutra – a Korean Buddhist text likely composed in the 7th century by an unknown monk, one important to the Ch'an (Zen Buddhism) tradition in East Asia, the Dharani chapter is the eighth (second last), with a brief conversational epilogue between the Tathagata Buddha and Ananda being the last chapter. The dharani is a short summary of the essential doctrine contained in a much longer … The same root gives dharma or dhamma. gzungs) — long mantras, which are placed inside sacred statues and stupas. It’s not just mundane.  The third council gathered in Kashmir a century later, according to the Tibetan tradition, and the teachings were put down in writing for those "who had not obtained the power (dharani) of not-forgetting" because people were reciting corrupted forms of the teachings of the Buddha. You can do all of that. Okay, [maybe] you don’t believe in everything that’s happening. Dharani is baby girl name mainly popular in Hindu religion and its main origin is Hindi. to play mahjongg the whole night. We are forgetful. The word dhara can be a very mundane word.  In an appointment recommendation letter dated 732 CE, as an example, a Japanese priest named Chishu supports the ordination of his student Hata no kimi Toyotari by listing that he can recite following dharanis: "the Greater Prajna-paramita, Amoghapasa Avalokiteshvara, Eleven-faced Avalokiteshvara, the Golden Light, Akashagarbha, Bhaisajyaguru, consecrating water, concealing ritual space" with the dharani rituals of prostration after eight years of training. I’m sure some of you may be here just out of curiosity, [although] I don’t believe that curiosity [alone] will last more than a few hours. Sanskrit: Usnisa Vijaya . But still things don’t work. dharani: Literally means retention. The second part is the recitation itself, which is preceded by a section titled "Meditative Absorption" in which these three kinds of dharanis are mentioned, p.172. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Sankrit is a language of Holy syllables, where not just words are formed, but sacred sounds that have layers of meaning. , According to Jan Nattier, Vedic mantras are more ancient than Buddhist dharani, but over time they both were forms of incantations that are quite similar. , Dhāraṇīs are a form of amulet and believed in the various Buddhist traditions to deliver protection from malign influences and calamities. To the lay Buddhist communities, states Davidson, the material benefits encouraged the popularity and use of dharanis for devotionalism, rituals and rites in Buddhism. For instance, we are being hit by a pandemic situation. Mahayana sutras – such as the Lotus Sutra and the Heart Sutra – include or conclude with dharani.  There is very little prescriptive or practical difference between dharani and mantras except that dharani are much longer, states Eugene Burnouf. There exist "single seed-syllable bija like dharanis, treated as having special powers to protect chanters from dangers such as "snakes, enemies, demons and robbers". Understanding dharani on a more ultimate level. : DJKR said "second in command". Please click on the superscript number to read the footnote.  The dharani-genre ideas also inspired the Japanese Koshiki texts, and chanting practices called Daimoku, Nenbutsu (Japan), Nianfo (China) or Yombul (Korea). amale–vimale, vimale–nime, nime–hime, hime–vame, sarkke-cakre, cakre–dime, dime–hime, hime–ṭu ṭu ṭu ṭu–  A study of numerous such ubasoku koshinge recommendation letters from the 1st-millennium Japan confirm that dharanis were an essential and core part of monastic training, though the specific group of dharanis memorized by a monk or nun varied. due to hearing, Dharani is when any method - such as reading this dharani.  The Yogacara scholars, states Staal, followed the same classification as one found in the Vedas – arthadharani, dharmadharani and mantradharani, along with express acknowledgment like the Vedas that some "dharani are meaningful and others are meaningless" yet all effective for ritual purposes. This dharani does not translate well into the English language because the Sanskrit words were chosen not only for meaning but also for rhyme, rhythm and mitre. : see image at top of page where DJKR indicates making a connection]. Dharani name meanings is Bearing, Earth. The word dharani derives from a Sanskrit root dh.r which means "to hold or maintain". Yes, you can talk [to the] other [person] and you can [try to] convince them, but there’s always going to be somebody who will like it [and somebody else who will] not like it. Language: Sanskrit, Transliterated script: Chinese. This root is likely derived from the Vedic religionof ancient India where chants and melodious sounds were believed to have innate spiritual and healing powers even if the sound cannot be translated and has no meaning (as in a music). These texts are a part of any "meagre library of Buddhist Sri Lankan households" and they are called Pirit Pota. calligraphy]? Request. Basically, putting two things together so that one becomes part of the other, so to speak. The dharani of ultimate meaning is realizing non-duality; The Sanskrit word "dharani" is connected to the word "dhara" 4 dhara (Sanskrit: धर) = "holding, bearing, supporting" - see dhara., which means “the one that holds”, like Vajradhara. The first council was held in the year Buddha died, but the compiled dhamma consisted of spoken words that were not written down. There are different versions and different translations of this mantra, but all of them are lengthy – even the shortened versions. Hearing about the Dharma. ; Search for more names by meaning. And you tell all kinds of multicolored lies to your husband, wife, boyfriend, girlfriend, boss, just so that you can be here. Ed. [note 1], Dharani recitation for the purposes of healing and protection is referred to as Paritta in some Buddhist regions, particularly in Theravada communities. Oxford: Clarendon Press. That is [what is] holding you. [You] occupy yourself with something specific instead of always falling into the traps of all kinds of entanglements. The most sacred syllable, the first sound of Almighty. And unfortunately, that always refers to something like sitting straight, not talking, [being] quiet. This is actually dharani. Given the context, this has been changed. It is the sixth limb, or requirement, to attain full Self-realization as outlined in the Yoga Sutras attributed to the sage Patanjali. The guqin9guqin (Chinese: 古琴, pinyin: gǔqín) = a plucked seven-string Chinese musical instrument. What’s the point of all these [flower] petals? Arani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. I think [in the] Mahayana in general and especially of course [in] the Vajrayana, there are a lot of dharanis. Alternatively they should make seventy-seven small clay pagodas, place one copy inside each, and make offerings. : DJKR is using the word dharani in two different ways here. Search for more names by meaning . This important Sutra was broadly practiced and circulated in China during the Song and Tang dynasties. From my heart emanates tremendous rays of light, Some illustrations include,, The Theravada compilations of paritta (dharani) are ancient and extensive. Because while he is playing mahjongg you can just do all sorts of things. There is no evidence for such a sequential development. Second, specifically to refer to a type of long mantra that can be recited, such as this Ushnishavijaya Dharani. THE NAMGYALMA MANTRA. With the emergence of the Mahayana Buddhism tradition, the dharanis became closely related to mantras. : DJKR said "second in command". Dharani is written in Hindi as धरणी. And I guess we have that. The demand for printed dharani among the Buddhist lay devotees may have led to the development of textual printing innovations. Every effort has been made to ensure that this transcript is accurate both in terms of words and meaning, however all errors and misunderstandings are the responsibility of the editors of madhyamaka.com. Ed. In the Siddhartha's Intent Taiwan liturgy, this is translated as: The dharani of patience is the unborn mind, The dharani of dharma is knowing all that is to be known, The dharani of ultimate meaning is realizing non-duality, (1) ngön gyi gewa dang [i.e. dhara (Sanskrit: धर) = "holding, bearing, supporting" - see.  The Buddhist tantra traditions added another layer of sophistication and complexity to the rituals with deities and mandalas. You save your leave for this. In this context, dharani were acknowledged in the Buddhist tradition by about 2nd-century BCE, and they were a memory aid to ground and remember the dhamma teachings. Right now, our mind is everywhere. Just don’t move. , The dharani-genre of literature became popular in East Asia in the 1st millennium CE, with Chinese records suggesting their profusion by the early centuries of the common era. So it’s not just an empty void. A dhāraṇī is generally understood as a mnemonic device which puts in a nutshell the meaning of a particular teaching or chapter of a sutra. In the liturgy, the Tibetan is on p.168 and the English on p.172. In the context “hold”, it has the connotation of being able to contain and maintain, and therefore “remembering”. In Sanskrit, the ancient language of yoga, it is called Mahakaruna Dharani or Nilakantha Dharani. Wherever the wind flows, it moves.  A dhāraṇī can be a mnemonic to encapsulate the meaning of a section or chapter of a sutra. According to Buddhist studies scholars Sarah LeVine and David Gellner, Theravada lay devotees traditionally invite the monks into their homes for rites of "protection from evil" and the monk(s) chant the paritrana hymns. ", states Moriz Winternitz. Dharani (Sanskrit धरणी) is an ancient name of Sanskrit origin which literally means soil or ground. Like the Mañjushri Dharani. If that’s what you’re satisfied with, why not?  The snake-charm dharani is found in the Bower Manuscript found in Western China.  The dharanis as conceptualized by medieval era Buddhist intellectuals and eminent Chinese monks were an "integral component of mainstream Sinitic Buddhism", states Richard McBride. [At] other times it’s good to be like Mount Meru.  The dharanis are prominent in the Prajñāpāramitā Sutras wherein the Buddha "praises dharani incantation, along with the cultivation of samadhi, as virtuous activity of a bodhisattva", states Ryûichi Abé. A user from India says the name Dharani means "Earth". This publication sets out for the first time Dharani in various ancient Sanskrit language to provide the believer or scholar the foundation for learning the pronunciation of these ancient formulas. It has been played since ancient times, and has traditionally been favoured by scholars and literati as an instrument of great subtlety and refinement - see, Ed. It was initially understood as "magical formula or phrase", but later studies such as by Lamotte and Berhard interpreted them to be "memory", while Davidson proposes that some dharani are "codes". The next one is tsen di töpa, which means hearing. Yes, of course, that will do. There is some sort of joy [at being here], some sort of wanting to participate. They were greatly popular between the 11th- and 15th-centuries and a part of comprehensive solution to various ailments, a ritual performed by Buddhist monks and practitioners of onmyōdō. གཟུངས་, zung; Wyl. The dharanis and mantras overlap because in the Vajrayana tradition. The Nilakantha Dharani or Maha Karuna Dharani, popularly known as the Great Compassion Mantra in English, is a dharaṇi of Mahayana Buddhist origin. Their appointment letters listed the sutras and dharanis that he or she could recite from memory. The publication also contains the Great Compassion Dharani well known throughout the Buddhist world because invoked by many schools of Buddhism such as Zen. It’s everywhere actually, in all our daily experience.