Humans rely on ecosystems for many functions. Some products derived from genetic resources. Nature can often be surprisingly resilient, often without the need for human interventions. Biodiversity is very important to the well-being of our planet and here’s why. All species, even those living in the most remote parts of the planet, are part of a wider ecosystem, both relying on and affecting other life forms within their biome (a term for the community of life or habitat where different species live). There are several important reasons for us to gain an understanding of the dynamic nature of biological diversity, particularly in terms of maintaining ecological balance. The benefits of these silent parts of our economy is also summarized in these videos by TEEB’s Pavan Sukhdev: The BBC notes that biodiversity is fundamental to economics. Importance of Ecosystem: It provides habitat to wild plants and animals. This is a clear case of inter-related issues: the health of the environment is strongly tried to our economic choices (i.e. Other wildlife grew in numbers and the ecosystem was generally back in balance. For a number of years now, scientists have been looking more and more at nature to see how various species work, produce, consume resources, trying to mimic the amazing feats that millions of years of evolution has produced. Side NoteUnfortunately the original link to the Nature.com article no longer works, since their site redesign, and I had not noted the publication details. Why is the Ecosystem so Important? An example from the seas (originally mentioned here years ago but removed because the link to the story no longer worked), was described by National Geographic Wild in a program called, A Life Among Whales (broadcast June 14, 2008). But honeybees, the primary species that fertilizes food-producing plants, have suffered dramatic declines in recent years, mostly from afflictions introduced by humans. It therefore makes economic and development sense to move towards sustainability. Declining biodiversity is therefore a concern for many reasons. Naturally, those who benefit from the current system may be hostile to such changes, especially if it may mean they might lose out. Test. The economic benefits of protecting the environment are well-understood, even if seemingly rarely practiced: Numerous studies also show that investments in protected areas generate a cost-benefit ratio of one to 25 and even one to 100 in some cases, [Pavan Sukhdev, from TEEB] said. So, an example of ecosystem diversity might be: The fact that in the world there are deserts, seas, ponds and forests, all of them with animals living in them. They can also overlook local public benefits … in favor of private benefits …, even when local livelihoods are at stake, or focus on short-term gains to the detriment of the sustained supply of benefits over time…. Each ecosystem provide different habitats that can essential for a species's life cycle. This systematic under-valuation of ecosystem services and failure to capture the values is one of the main causes underlying today’s biodiversity crisis. For example, as mentioned in the previous link, if water used by the meat industry in the United States were not subsidized by taxpayers, common hamburger meat would cost $35 a pound. The Pacific Northwest represents a unique ecosystem. Who Cares? Almost all cultures have their roots in our biological diversity in some way or form. The G8 nations, together with 5 major emerging economies — China, India, South Africa, Brazil, Mexico — use almost three-quarters of the Earth’s biocapacity. Add another link to more information about importance of biodiversity. Prof. E. O Wilson, in How Our Health Depends on Biodiversity, Chivian, E., Bernstein A., Center for Health and the Global Environment, Harvard Medical School, 2010 . And so, while we dominate this planet, we still need to preserve the diversity in wildlife. This will take a little while to explain so please bear with me. In the end they agreed to let one park have its elephants culled, while the other would be left alone. The biodiversity of an ecosystem is important because it stabilises the whole system where life is present. Our eagle example also demonstrates another aspect of diversity. This then has an impact on various local social, political and economic issues. As a simple example, the loss of a large carnivore may mean in the short term the herbivores they prey on may increase in numbers but this can also result in a deterioration of the environment as the herbivores can graze more, largely unchecked. Biodiversity also absorbs pollution, promotes tourism, supports education and research and maintains the ecosystem. Existing price signals only reflect - at best - the share of total value that relates to provisioning services like food, fuel or water and their prices may be distorted. Gravity. By contrast, waiting 10 more years could reduce the net benefit of halving deforestation by US$ 500 billion. Ecosystem diversity. Biodiversity is important because it boosts ecosystem productivity where each species all have an important role to play. from climate regulation) are frequently ignored. A report from Nature magazine also explains that genetic diversity helps to prevent the chances of extinction in the wild (and claims to have shown proof of this). An ecosystem can only truly thrive if all life forms in it are thriving. The three types of biodiversity (species, genetic, and ecosystem) help keep a healthy and sustainable ecosystem and environment for a long period of time. This also has a negative impact on the environment, perhaps partly formed by outdated-views that predators are harmful for other wildlife. As described by Google, it is defined as, "the variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat or ecosystem." To print all information (e.g. In a recent report, The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity for National and International Policy Makers 2009, TEEB provided the following example of sectors dependent on genetic resources: In addition, it is estimated that implementing REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) could help, From a cost perspective (p.18), it is estimated that. Ecosystem Productivity. kodakoda2223. When any severe impact is there for a particular species on the ecosystem, the other several plant species performing similar functions can help the survival of the plants and ecosystem sustenance. Climate Change and Global Warming Introduction. Medicinal resources and pharmaceutical drugs, Diversity in genes, species and ecosystems, Cattle waste feeds the soil that nourish the crops, Crops, as well as yielding grain also yield straw, Crops are therefore food sources for humans and animals, Bacteria feed on the cellulose fibers of straw that farmers return to the soil, Amoebas feed on bacteria making lignite fibers available for uptake by plants, Algae provide organic matter and serve as natural nitrogen fixers, Rodents that bore under the fields aerate the soil and improve its water-holding capacity. Why is diversity important in an ecosystem? So biologists are looking at these processes in more depth to see if they can reproduce or enhance such capabilities. represents ‘natural’ component of the market. Who Cares?, Global Issues, Updated: January 19, 2014. The diversity creates an interdependence between organisms in the ecosystem. January 29, 2020 Valentina Primo In the last episode of the #SWBSummit series, we bring the panel where Egyptian power lady Yara El Braidy sits with two Egyptian entrepreneurs experiencing diverse ecosystems in Jordan … Biodiversity, short for biological diversity, is the term we use for the variety of animals, plants, fungi, bacteria, and other intertwined life forms within any ecosystem… “from towering redwood trees to tiny, single-cell algae that are impossible to see without a microscope.”. Why is BIODIVERSITY important? Efficiently producing unhealthy food — and the unhealthy consumer culture to go with it — may profit the food industry and a private health sector that has to deal with it, all of which require more use of resources. Write. For example, if energy costs go up, businesses will look for a way to minimize such costs for themselves, and it is in such a time that alternatives come about and/or existing resources last longer because they are used more efficiently. Match. As reported by CNN (May 5, 2000), One third of all our food—fruits and vegetables—would not exist without pollinators visiting flowers. With between 3 and 30 million species on earth, here are the reasons why they are important. Human intervention to perform the same services would be more costly. Healthy ecosystems can better withstand and recover from a variety of disasters. Without diversity in the ecosystem species would be suscepitable biological hazards. A scientist pleaded with park management not to cull and let nature take its course. The relationship between soil, plants, bacteria and other life is also referred to as the nitrogen cycle: As an example, consider all the species of animals and organisms involved in a simple field used in agriculture. Created by. 1. 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