For full details on the capabilities of each source as well as related articles, see event sources. In Liang et al. Deployment and integration of advanced electricity storage and peak-shaving technologies, including plug-in electric and hybrid electric vehicles as well as thermal-storage air conditioning. A technology partner who understands how products, systems, and solutions integrate with the processes and people behind them and how people interact with them, Leverage your data to unlock the full value of your smart metering investment, The Grid Edge is the new center of energy systems - it's where the consumer, prosumer and the intelligent grid interact. However, to do so requires the implementation of automated control and modern two-way communication technologies [9]. Grid Edge - Software for energy and industry, Siemens PTI is a trusted partner for mastering the challenges of a transforming energy sector, providing expert advisory on all strategic and technical aspects of energy systems. Network-based audit appliances operate independently of all users and offer granular data collection without performance penalty. Reproduced with permission from Eos Energy Storage | Technology and Products; n.d. The data access policy control is responsible to isolate data from different providers and grant access to other tools; the analytics services help beneficiaries by using data semantics propose meaningful analytics; the integrated dashboard is the presentation interface for all of the provided services, in which tools for searching and exploring different datasets, services, and other related information are offered. Can run in Selenium Grid. It looks like you are using a browser that is not fully supported. That’s why Siemens provides grid operators and utilities with the powerful, flexible, and intuitive software tools, the expertise, and the global experience it takes to compete in this dynamic environment by simplifying data maintenance and exchange as well as planning ahead, both in technical and business terms. The recently introduced regulation, General Data Protection Regulation for the European Union, is the first of its kind and imposes penalties on organisations that fail to meet stringent data protection measures. Huge amounts of data continually harnessed by thousands of smart grid meters need to be sufficiently managed to increase the efficiency, reliability, and sustainability of the smart grid. A Kullback-Leibler distance (KLD)-based method was proposed for FDI attack detection by tracking and calculating the distance between two probability distributions derived from measurement variations (Chaojun et al., 2015). Energywise is an energy analytics tool developed by Agentis Energy to make commercial buildings more energy efficient. In addition, smart grids aim to integrate renewable and alternative energy sources [9]. A huge amount of data captured and used in the platform are buildings' energy profiles, weather conditions, occupants' feedback, renewable energy production, and energy prices. It is confirmed that FDI attacks can circumvent bad data detection programs and inject bias into the values of the estimated state in power systems (Deng et al., 2017). A picture the Eos Aurora 1000|4000, a low-cost direct current battery system designed to meet requirements of grid scale energy storage. In addition, more attentions have been paid to both the power system itself and the characteristics of the communication infrastructure and their impact of degrading the underpinned functionalities. A scientific diagram of an integrated renewable energy smart roadway entitled “System and method for creating a networked infrastructure roadway distribution platform of solar energy gathering devices”15 was patented and published in 2009 (Fig. Enhance efficiency in grid management and control using widespread monitoring and automation Bi-directional energy flows changing the traditional network operation mode Market liberalisation for multi-player participation Controlled integration of distributed generation Promote technological upgrade or assets investment deferral Hence, the opportunities for more positive social, economic, and environmental outcomes exist in the short term, but the critical choices that will drive this set of beneficial outcomes have yet to be made. This decentralised system uses wireless communication among smart agents (e.g., smart Wi-Fi sensors) installed in a vehicle to inform others about any unoccupied parking space [98]. A broad definition of Distribution Automation includes any automation which is used in the planning, engineering, construction, operation, and maintenance of the distribution power system, including interactions with the transmission system, interconnected distributed energy resources (DER), and automated interfaces with end-users. Building on Siemens’ long years of experience in the fields of power generation, transmission, and distribution, the Siemens Power Academy offers a comprehensive program of professional training events based on realistic simulation in the fields of power generation, distribution, and transmission at 31 training centers around the world. The flume is a distributed system developed by Apache, which efficiently collects, aggregates, and transfers large amounts of log data from disparate sources to a centralized storage. A query-level access control is effective in detecting unauthorised queries injected via web applications and database stored procedures. Yarn basically consists of a global ResourceManager and per-node slave NodeManager for managing applications in a distributed manner. Smart meter big data implies valuable information that can be used in electric load forecasting, anomaly detection of electric power systems, demand side management, and so on. The advent of the smart grid in the past decade has produced a wide array of sustainable energy advancements through the integration of modern renewable energy sources and digital communications. This smart parking system uses V2V and V2I communication to locate any unoccupied parking spaces within the shortest possible travel time. Event Hubs 5. A multitude of security issues need attention at hardware, software and human interaction levels. This means that agile attack mitigation strategies are required for CPS. The Cisco Substation Automation solution helps utility operators face a variety of business and operational challenges by offering solutions that comply with industry standards such as IEC 61850 and IEEE 1613. Many smaller organisations lack the expertise required to implement data and application security controls and policies. With the increasing penetration of emerging information and communication technologies (ICTs), the energy systems are being digitized, and the power grids have evolved three generations from small-scale isolated grids, large-scale interconnected grids to smart grids. In most cases, these threats can be prevented by implementing simple steps and following best practices and internal controls. The task of modernising the power grid to integrate more distributed generation units and "smart" technologies to allow better demand management and to absorb large amounts of renewable energy generation, going beyond 2020, must become a top priority for the EU11. The risks range from stealing credit card numbers to destabilising modern political processes and presidential elections. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, Karen Ehrhardt-Martinez, ... Kat A. Donnelly, in, Energy, Sustainability and the Environment. (2016), an unobservable FDI attack on AC state estimation and its impacts on the physical system were studied. (2015), a risk mitigation model was presented for cyberattacks to PMU networks through solving a MILP problem to prevent cyberattack propagation and maintain the observability of the power system. This page requires JavaScript in order to be fully functional and displayed correctly. The unprecedented smart grid big data require an effective platform that takes the smart grid a step forward in the big data era. Consistent, safe, and intelligent low-voltage power distribution and electrical installation technology. For example, attackers exploit vulnerabilities such as default accounts and passwords and database system configuration parameters to launch attacks. | English, Skip to global navigation (country selector, search). The comprehensive SICAM portfolio offers network operators and utilities everything they need for future-proof substation automation – anywhere in the world. Manage current tasks and create future opportunities. The grid connects homes, businesses and other buildings to central power sources, which allow us to use appliances, heating/cooling systems and electronics. Currently, power utilities tend to adopt the standard packet-switching-based protocols (e.g., TCP/IP-based protocols) and information models (e.g., IEC61850 in substations), which makes the communication system more vulnerable to the intentional attacks compared with the private-vendor protocols. Join Andy as he demonstrates a cool application of Grid Automation. Failure to collect detailed audit records of database activity represents a serious organisational risk on many levels. Munshi et al. ... From P&C to M&D, and Substation Automation to IEC 68150. The patent describes the key components that are integral for the production and function of this particular integrated renewable energy smart road system, and enough key information is given so any knowledgeable reader can understand the particulars relevant to their own scientific developments in PV solar or wind turbine energy harvesting systems. A number of recent studies have exploited the FDI attacks on power system state estimation and defense mechanisms, including detection-based methods (e.g., Kosut et al., 2010; Liu et al., 2014; Chaojun et al., 2015) and protection-based methods (e.g., Kim and Poor, 2011; Bi and Zhang, 2014; Mousavian et al., 2015; Lee and Kundur, 2014; Bi and Zhang, 2011; Liang et al., 2016; Yang et al., 2014; Liu et al., 2015; Chakhchoukh and Ishii, 2016). Dynamic optimization of grid operations and resources with full cybersecurity. In Liu et al. It has been proven significant in the reduction of energy consumption and carbon emissions. Self-healing grids are essential to improving reliability and assuring grid stability amid these 21st century challenges. Large community. While a CPS should secure data as in IT infrastructure environment, it should also consider security issues that span multiple systems and those that arise due to user interactions with these systems. [37] presented a hierarchical architecture of the core components for smart grids big data under the Hadoop platform. Smart digital technology to ensure supply security, operational efficiency, and a greener future. At more than a century old, the U.S. power grid is creaking under the weight of increased electrification demands, prompting a slow-moving transformation of the aging infrastructure into a digital system powered by state-of-the-art automation technology, Big Data analytics and … Learn more. Smart meter big data includes voltage, current, power consumption, and other important parameters. Digitalization and decentralization are transforming the energy landscape … Qiang Yang, in Smart Power Distribution Systems, 2019. In this system, a roadside unit installed at the parking entrance informs and guides approaching vehicles to the nearest vacant parking spaces. Venkat N. Gudivada, ... Seshadri Srinivasan, in Transportation Cyber-Physical Systems, 2018. Please enable JavaScript and reload the site. Per Imperva, Users may abuse legitimate database privileges for unauthorised purposes. It can be divided into long-term load forecasting, medium-term load forecasting, short-term load forecasting, and ultra-short-term load forecasting, corresponding to annual, monthly, single-day, and hourly load forecasting. Impala queries can provide near real-time results. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Privilege abuse is an insider threat. US 7501713 B2, Fein GS, Merritt E, Llc G. Data Management Issues in Cyber-Physical Systems, Venkat N. Gudivada, ... Seshadri Srinivasan, in, Big-data-driven carbon emissions reduction, Internet of things application in smart grid: A brief overview of challenges, opportunities, and future trends, Future of Transportation Cyber-Physical Systems – Smart Cities/Regions. In reality, unlike the attacks directly imposed on physical components, the attacks on the cyber system can often cost much less and more concealment, that is, difficult to be detected timely and accurately. An optimization formulation was proposed in Philip and Jain (2015) to improve the measurement redundancy with minimum number of PMUs while maintaining full-system observability. Grid Automation - Smart power distribution solutions. Principal component analysis is a multivariate statistical method used to investigate the correlations among multiple variables, and to study how to reveal the internal structures of a number of variables through a few principal components. Our innovative and smart energy automation solutions exploit the benefits of digitalization in a holistic approach and have been designed with the emerging energy systems in mind - with the aim, to enable sustainable economic development for all communities. (2015) focused on the minimization of total realistic cost with considering hidden but significant and integral part of PMU installation cost. This is done by applying the modern merger technology, which is be able to receive information about the operation of devices at any moment and can integrate them with essential data from the other part of the system to ordain the best program for equipment operation. Grid Automation is one of the really exciting new features of Firmware Update 2.6. Over 57% of organisations consider databases as the most vulnerable asset which is prone to an insider attack [20]. Officially supported by Microsoft. automation definition: 1. the use of machines and computers that can operate without needing human control: 2. the use of…. 11.11 illustrates a sensor-based parking system that uses wireless communications to detect the presence of vehicles and send the information to a server. An energy system that meets the needs of the global population, but that also benefits the planet. But this interconnectedness means that when part of the grid needs to be repaired, everyone is affected. Versatile, custom-fit, and adaptable power supply for industries, buildings, and infrastructure. From New Smart Parking by Libelium includes Double Radio with LoRaWAN and Sigfox, 2016., Integration of Distributed Energy Resources Under the Transactive Energy Structure in the Future Smart Distribution Networks, Mohammadreza Daneshvar, ... Kazem Zare, in, Operation of Distributed Energy Resources in Smart Distribution Networks, Smart grids—Overview and background information, . Karen Ehrhardt-Martinez, ... Kat A. Donnelly, in Energy, Sustainability and the Environment, 2011. Since these issues are addressed in other chapters of this volume, we turn our attention to database-centric cybersecurity issues. Selenium Grid has 2 versions - the older Grid 1 and the newer Grid 2. In Bi and Zhang (2014), the authors exploited the graphical defending algorithms against FDI attacks through protecting the state variables with the minimum number of measurements. A smart grid is an electricity network allowing devices to communicate between suppliers to consumers, allowing them to manage demand, protect the distribution network, save energy and reduce costs (European Commission, 2012). | English, PSS® power system simulation and modeling software, Grid Edge Solutions – Software for energy and industry, Services for power transmission, distribution and smart grid, Municipalities and distribution system operators, Global CPS have strict timing requirements on the data in addition to security. Electricity is an important form of secondary energy. A comprehensive portfolio for medium-voltage power distribution enables a more economical and responsible use of electrical power through the utilization of smart grids. CPS design approaches that do not consider security issues may render such CPS vulnerable to security breaches. In the following sections, we look into the cyberattacks in a case study of PMU-based wide-area measurement system (WAMS) for electric transmission network. (iii) In data querying, Hive and Impala can facilitate querying and manage big data residing in distributed storage. Hackers insert unauthorised or malicious SQL statements to get access to the data to copy or alter it. In addition, other types of cyberattacks, for example eavesdropping attacks, and malwares attacks, can also be applied to the communication system of smart grid, including smart meters, communication channels, and control center. The U.S. electric grid is an engineering marvel with more than 9,200 electric generating units having more than 1 million megawatts of generating capacity connected to more than 600,000 miles of transmission lines. Grid modernization projects are meant to bring new automation, accuracy or visibility to organizations in a timely and organized process. Power-system automation is the act of automatically controlling the power system via instrumentation and control devices.Substation automation refers to using data from Intelligent electronic devices (IED), control and automation capabilities within the substation, and control commands from remote users to control power-system devices.. We show how innovations at the grid edge are helping to drive one of the most radical transitions in human history – a move from a centralized energy system to one that is more decentralized, more local and more efficient. We at Siemens offer various Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) solutions at the Grid Edge that coordinate the generation, storage and consumption of electric energy. KNIME is a Swiss start-up providing an open source big data analytics platform with extensive support for energy data as a major use case. This poses serious problems to execute complex security counter measures that may require relatively more computing resources. High-privilege users such as DBAs will often have direct physical access to the database servers. Desktop Automation - WPF, WinForms and Universal applications. Victims of major data breaches in 2016 include the US Department of Justice, US Internal Revenue Service, Verizon Enterprise Solutions, Philippine Commission on Elections, LinkedIn, Oracle, Dropbox and Cisco, among others [19]. Fig. The operation of power systems is firmly based on the underlying communication infrastructure, as illustrated in Fig. Mobile Automation - iOS, Android native, hybrid and mobile web apps. CPS are ubiquitous in smart grids, transportation, industrial control and other critical infrastructures. Resource Groups (management operations) 8. A recent Imperva white paper [20] lists the following as the top five database security threats: (1) excessive, inappropriate and unused privileges, (2) privilege abuse, (3) insufficient web application security/SQL injection, (4) weak audit trails and (5) unsecured storage media. In summary, it can be envisaged that the aforementioned cyberattacks can bring direct adverse or disastrous impact on the operation of smart energy networks. However, when this is the case, one method by which to learn more about such next-generation scientific developments is through patents. The source is the entity through which data enters into the flume, the channel is the conduit between the source and the sink, and the sink is the entity that delivers the data to the destination. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Definition of Smart Grid by U.S. department of energy is, “A Smart Grid uses digital technology to improve reliability, security and efficiency (both economic and energy) of the electrical system from large generation, through the delivery systems to electricity consumers and a growing number of distributed-generation and storage resources.” Generally, lossless compression methods are used to compress data for transmission and storage, and lossy compression methods are used to improve the efficiency of data analysis and mining. To meet these demands operators need to introduce automation throughout the entire network. The grid automation control cabinets for indoor applications are: GAI2 for remote monitoring and control operations, including fault passage indication GAI3 for measurements, utilizing modern sensor technology in the RMU to provide important information on the energy flow, load and quality of each measuring point in the secondary substation. Team up with us to maximize your value proposition and stay ahead in energy protection and automation with SIPROTEC, Reyrolle, SICAM Power Quality and SICAM Substation Automation. Siemens provides innovative hardware and digital products, solutions, and services that support you in preparing for the future challenges energy system change will bring about. This breach is believed to have occurred in late 2014 and is perhaps the largest security breach ever. Multiple robust estimators with different robustness properties to improve the overall cybersecurity of power state estimation were investigated with the consideration of investment reduction (Chakhchoukh and Ishii, 2016). The patent design's integration of solar and turbine energy generation devices on both vehicles and roadway space, with renewable energy being controlled between both on-board vehicle and road grid storage for the powering of battery electric vehicles is an effective example of renewable smart grid energy harvesting, storage, and delivery. Siemens provides comprehensive product-related and value adding energy business advisory and power system consulting services for energy systems. Invest in security software and user training. The standard for mobile automation. From Definition to Operations with expert Amin Zamani for a comprehensive introduction to microgrids, from tailoring your approach to your desired outcomes through to defining your operating strategy. In Evans (2011), the recent study has looked into the security problem of state estimation in WAMS in the context of CPS which often exhibits complex structural characteristics and dynamic operational phenomenon. The main goal of the power grid protection is preparation of reliable energy supply to consumers. Today power system operation is becoming more and more dynamic – which requires flexible, tailored solutions for reliable operation and efficient project management. The work in Rather et al. Common lossless compression methods include Huffman coding and Lempel–Ziv algorithm. Kakan Dey, ... Shofiq Ahmed, in Transportation Cyber-Physical Systems, 2018. Media Services 7. Smart meters can record fine-grained information about electricity consumption in near real-time, thus forming the smart meter big data. Anomalies are commonly refereed to as faults in an electric power system. Benefit from special offers, exclusive top quality trainings, shared branding, innovative technologies and from decades of experience in energy automation at a global level. In Mousavian et al. Singular value decomposition is an important matrix decomposition method based on linear algebra, and is an extension of normalized matrix unitary diagonalization in matrix analysis. Open source. Demand side management can guide and encourage electricity consumers to take the initiative to change their electricity consumption patterns. Also, when employee job roles change, corresponding changes to access rights to sensitive data are often not updated. Databases are at the heart of most organisations and they experience the highest rate of security breaches. CPS may use different networking technologies (e.g., wired and wireless) and diverse protocols, which introduces additional challenges.