Its most well-known application is the formation of PVC pipes in the building and construction industry, but the benefits of PVC extend far beyond this into the medical, electrical and protective clothing sectors. VCM molecules are polymerized to form PVC resin, to which appropriate additives are incorporated to make a customized PVC compound. There are, therefore, many different PVC products available with varying additive compositions and properties. In fashion, furniture and all types of indoor and outdoor accessories, PVC open up functional and design opportunities that are both visually striking and fundamentally practical. It is a naturally white and very brittle (prior to the additions of plasticizers) plastic. Factors to be considered while selecting, Fillers are added in PVC compounds for a variety of reasons. A frequent method of processing PVC involves the suspension of solid particles of the polymer in an appropriate plasticizer. Comparison between the properties of flexible polyvinyl chloride and rigid polyvinyl chloride [2], Thermal Insulation (Thermal Conductivity). PVC can also be blended with nitrile rubber (NBR), to increase flexibility and elastic recovery properties. Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC or Vinyl) is a high strength thermoplastic material widely used in applications, such as pipes, medical devices, wire and cable insulation...the list is endless. Second only to polyethylene among the plastics in production and consumption, PVC is used in an enormous range of domestic and industrial products, from raincoats and shower curtains to window frames and indoor plumbing. Polyvinyl chloride (or vinyl) has stable physical properties, and excellent transparency. Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Values SPECIFICATION SHEET All information, recommendations and suggestions appearing in this literature concerning the use of our products are based upon test and data believed to be reliable; however, it is the user's responsibility to determine the suitability for their own use of the products described herein. Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Products Regular and High Performance PVC EY Technologies constructs its extrusion coated braid harness yarns with high tenacity, synthetic multifilament core yarns. So, what is PVC? Although flexible PVC also has a range of applications in the construction industry as in flooring, cable insulations, and waterproof linings, its most useful application is in the medical industry. PVC is the most sought after polymer material in the building and construction industry and currently accounts for 10.2% of the overall European plastic demand, trailing polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) [1]. »  What are the main characteristics of PVC? Polyvinyl chloride is produced in an addition polymerisation reaction using the chloroethene (vinyl chloride) monomer. It is a naturally white and very brittle (prior to the additions of plasticizers) plastic. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC), with the molecular formula shown in Figure 1, is a relatively cheap polymer with suitable chemical characteristics for use as a membrane material. Disadvantages and advantage Polyvinyl chloride, PVC. It is the world’s third largest thermoplastic material by volume after polyethylene and polypropylene. Extrusion temperatures are 10-20°C below injection molding temperatures in order to avoid premature thermal degradation. Table 1. Figure 1. [Online]. PVC is Biocompatible. A polyurethane blend also offers similar results with increased abrasion and chemical resistance. Construction: Polyvinyl Chloride is strong, light in weight, and durable. It can be easily extruded, calendered and die-cut, and is printable with conventional screen and offset printing methods. How to process it? PVC is a polymer with good insulation properties, but because of its higher polar nature the electrical insulating property is inferior to non-polar polymers such as polyethylene and polypropylene. Get detailed technical information on Polyvinyl Chloride and its features. PVC offers excellent corrosion and weather resistance. © 2021 Matmatch GmbH, All rights reserved. »  Methods to Enhance Properties of PVC   »  Properties Comparison: Flexible PVC Vs. Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) is manufactured by chlorinating the PVC product, typically increasing its chlorine content from 56% to 66% [2]. A major thermoplastic material with a very wide variety of applications, the essential materials for polyvinyl chloride are derived from oil and salt. PVC resin obtained from the above processes is extremely unstable due to low thermal stability and high melt viscosity. Glass transition temperature: 85 o C. . Rigid PVC. Processing equipment is typically very expensive. Compare Products: Select up to 4 products. There are, therefore, many different PVC products available with varying additive compositions and properties. POLYVINYL CHLORIDE (PVC) PROPERTIES PVC is the most widely used member of the vinyl family. In the electrical industry, PVC is very useful in insulation pipes, jacketing, switches, plug housings and battery terminals due to its high electrical insulation and dielectric strength. Some further uses of flexible PVC include waterproof clothing, life-jackets, inflatables and sporting goods. A comparison of some important properties of the two different classes is included in the table below. Under ambient conditions, vinyl chloride is a colourless, flammable gas with a slightly sweet odour. On the other hand, without the addition of these plasticisers, PVC remains a rigid, stiff material with high resistance to impact, weather, chemicals and corrosive environments. [Online]. Some of the key suppliers of PVC are: No Account yet? Window Frames, Pipes, House Siding, Ports, Roofing, Waterproof Membranes, Cable Insulations, Roof Lining, Greenhouses, Curtain Rails, Drawer Sides, Laminates, Audio and Videotape Cases, Records, Flooring, Wall Coverings, Shower Curtains, Leather Cloth, Hosepipes, Bottles, Blister Packs, Transparent Packs and Punnets, Under Seal, Roof Linings, Leather Cloth Upholstery, Wiring Insulation, Window Seals, Decorative Trim, Oxygen Tents, Bags And Tubing For Blood Transfusions, Drips and Dialysis Liquids, Waterproofs for Fishermen and Emergency Services, Life-Jackets, Shoes, Wellington Boots, Aprons and Baby Pants, Insulation pipes, Jacketing, Electricity Distribution Boxes, Switches, Transparent Distributor Box Housings, Plug Housings & Battery Terminals, Cable & Wire insulation, plugs, cable jackets, sockets, Sable Heads and Distributors, Floppy-Disk Covers, Credit Cards, Traffic Signs, Conveyor Belts, Inflatables, Sports Goods, Toys, Garden Hoses, FDA compliant & also suitable for transparent applications, Better chemical resistance than plasticized PVC, Good electrical insulation & vapor barrier properties, Good dimensional stability at room temperature, Limited solvent stress cracking resistance, Becomes brittle at 5°C (when not modified with impact modifiers and/or processing aids), Low cost, flexible & high impact strength, Good resistance to UV, acids, alkalis, oils and many corrosive inorganic chemicals, Non-flammable & versatile performance profile, Properties can change with time, due to plasticizer migration, Attacked by ketones; some grades swollen or attacked by chlorinated and aromatic hydrocarbons, esters, some aromatic ethers and amines, and nitro- compounds, Non-suitable for food contact with some plasticizers. Polyvinyl chloride is most widely known for the rigid PVC pipe used in plumbing and water infrastructure systems. Polyvinyl Chloride structure [2]. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a popular thermoplastic that's odorless, solid, brittle, and generally white in color. Processing Equipment may or may not be very expensive, PVC has a very low thermal stability and stabilizers help prevent degradation of polymer during processing or exposure to light. The plumbing in your house is probably PVC pipe, unless it's an older house. It is a white, brittle solid material available in powder form or granules. Available: https://www.kemi.se/en/statistics/statistics-in-brief/substances-and-substance-groups/pvc, Plasticized Polyvinyl chloride, plasticized (PPVC). We are using PVC because; they make life safer, bring comfort and joy, and help conserve natural resources. Other ingredients, stabilizers and colourants 14 2.2 physical and mechanical properties, “ Plastics - the 2018... 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