Contract No. Due to funding crunches across the nation, our schools are in trouble and many are actually threatening our children's health and ability to learn on a daily basis by using unhealthy building materials and products. PVC, Asthma and Autism – Are Schoolchildren, Teachers, and Custodians at Risk? These researchers pointed to other recent epidemiologic studies in children conducted in Norway, Finland, Sweden, and Russia that also found links between PVC, phthalates, and respiratory problems. Asthma is a serious, sometimes life-threatening respiratory disease that affects 7 million American children and 16 million adultsxiii . 2008. ; Cardiac ablation is a procedure that is used to treat an abnormal heart rhythm. Treatment of food poisoning depends upon the cause. Drooling; Eye pain; Loss of vision; Severe pain in the mouth and throat; Severe pain or burning in the nose, eyes, ears, lips, or tongue Lead-based paint and lead-contaminated dust in older buildings are the most common sources of lead poisoning in children. Malaise (a generally sick feeling) 7. Diverticulosis. Below are symptoms of poisoning from plastic casting resin in different parts of the body. If you get them more often, you may have more of a fluttering sensation. Personality changes 4. xxvi Lester, S., and M. Belliveau. 2000. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Understand what to expect from the test, how to interpret results. Since the 1990s, PVC-waste is increasingly being shipped to China, India, or Africa for “reprocessing”. Iron poisoning causes abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, and dehydration. Phthalates are chemicals used to soften or plasticize PVC products such as flooring, which can be released from PVC into the air inside schools. In-Utero exposure to Di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate and human pregnancy duration. While phthalates have been banned from PVC toys, they’re widespread in PVC products used in schools. Foreign bodies, bezoars, and caustic ingestions. Online: http://www.chej.org/showercurtainreport (20 October 2009). vii Duty, SM et al. Over 90% of all phthalates are used in PVC productsiv including many found in schools. Signs and symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning may include: 1. One reason why PVC is so toxic is that it is often mixed with softening chemicals called plasticizers, the most well known variety being phalates. Giardiasis. v Latini, G. et al. The study found that children who live in homes with vinyl floors, which can emit phthalates, are twice as likely to have autism, A 2008 study found an association between concentrations of phthalates in indoor dust and wheezing among preschool children. Diverticulosis is a condition of the colon and causes pain, cramping, infection, bleeding, and other symptoms. The relationship between environmental exposures to phthalates and DNA damage in human sperm using the neutral comet assay. xxi U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Neurotoxicology doi:10.1016/j.neuro.2009.01.011. As cited in Thornton, J. iii Clausen, P. et al. 2002. The symptoms for food poisoning are fever, abdominal pain, headache, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. They will give you further instructions. Children younger than 6 years are especially vulnerable to lead poisoning, which can severely affect mental and physical development. Falls Church, VA: the Center for Health, Environment & Justice. The fumes can cripple the immune system for years. Environmental Health Perspectives 111:1164-1169. You can call for any reason, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The faster a person gets medical help, the better the chance for recovery. Dioxin. PVC is found in many building materials and other products in schools including: Safer and cost-effective alternatives are already available for virtually every PVC product in our nation’s schools. American Journal of Epidemiology 164(8): 742–749. Volatile vinyl – the new shower curtain’s chemical smell. A life cycle study of flooring installation and maintenance found that the amount of VOCs emitted from a single waxing of a floor may be comparable to the amount of VOCs emitted from the flooring itself over its entire life. These symptoms may include: breathing … 9th ed. Giardiasis is an infection of the small intestine causing diarrhea, gas, bloating, nausea and stomach cramps. All local poison control centers in the United States use this national number. Damage continues to occur to the esophagus and stomach for several weeks after swallowing the poison. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. 2000. Less than 3 percent of PVC is recycled and the amount of PVC waste is increasing. Dizziness 8. AIRWAYS AND LUNGS. is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics. USEPA, Office of Research and Development, NAS Review Draft, December. Take the container with you to the hospital, if possible. There’s no safe way to manufacture, use or dispose of PVC productsi. xix Tuomainen, A., Seuri, M., and A. Sieppi. 2004. 2009. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. xvii Bornehag et al. Symptoms of chronic poisoning Possible chronic poisoning in people who regularly work with dichloroethane . Disposal: PVC is difficult to recycle because of the high content of chlorine. Identification of phthalate esters in the serum of young Puerto Rican girls with premature breast development. 1016-1025(10), International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. xxv Lent, T., Silas, J. and Vallette, J. Food poisoning is common, but can also be life threatening. Environmental impacts of polyvinyl chloride building materials – A Healthy Building Network report. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. These signs can range from vomiting to breathing difficulties to drooling. Common symptoms across several types of heavy metal poisoning include: It does NOT need to be an emergency. SP Swedish National Testing and Research Institute and the International Centre for Indoor Environment and Energy, Technical University of Denmark Karlstad University, Sweden. No other plastic contains or releases as many dangerous chemicals. However, symptoms can be immediate and severe following exposure to dangerous amounts of chlorine. xxii California Air Resources Board (CARB). 2005. The primary target of vinyl chloride acute exposure is the CNS. In 2008, President Bush signed legislation banning phthalates such as DEHP in children’s toysxii. Pfau PR, Hancock SM. Seek medical help right away. These include: Wal-Mart; Nike; Apple; Microsoft; Target; Sears and Kmart and many more! Muscle spasms and cramps from pesticide exposure may be immediate but may be a delayed reaction by as much as 3 days up to 6 weeks. Exposure and human health assessment for 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin (TCDD) and related compounds, part III: integrated summary and risk characterization for 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin (TCDD) and Related Compounds. DO NOT make a person throw up unless poison control or a health care provider tells you to do so. 2008. PVC Toxicity Testing has found that polyvinyl chloride (PVC) goods – a form of plastic used in many rubberized toys, tool handles, and many other goods – can contain several toxic plasticizers and stabilizers such as tributyltin and dibutylphthalates. It’s even in coffee cans and beer kegs. In this case, you experience constant headaches, fatigue and asthenia, dizziness, drowsiness in the daytime, insomnia at night, shortness of breath, vegetative dystonia, gastritis, weight loss, disorders of the kidneys and liver. Some phthalates such as DEHP have been linked to reproductive problems including shorter pregnancy durationv and premature breast development in girlsvi and sperm damagevii and impaired reproductive development in boysviii . People may have irreversible brain damage or even die before anyone realizes there's a problem. Lead. Exposure begins in the womb through the mother's exposures to toxic chemicals. Editorial team. EPA studies of human exposure to air pollutants indicate that indoor levels of pollutants may be two to five times— and occasionally more than 100 times— higher than outdoor levels. A study among personnel in four geriatric hospitals found asthma symptoms were more common in the two buildings with signs of phthalate degradation in PVC flooringxviii. Confusion 7. Headache 2. Blurred vision 8. Online: http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/04/17/child-obesity-is-linked-to-chemicals-in-plastics/?pagemode=print (20 October 2009). Children absorb more lead than adults due to their growing bones and other organs which lead can become deposited in. Online: http://www.consumeraffairs.com/news04/2008/08/cpsc_congress08.html (20 October 2009). Your treatment will depend on the cause of your PVCs. Exposure and human health assessment for 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin (TCDD) and related compounds, part III: integrated summary and risk characterization for 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin (TCDD) and Related Compounds. With a melting point of about 176 degrees Fahrenheit, PVC pipes may bend as the material approaches this temperature. Your local poison center can be reached directly by calling the national toll-free Poison Help hotline (1-800-222-1222) from anywhere in the United States. 's editorial policy editorial process and privacy policy. vi Colón, I. In recent years, a number of studies have found a correlation between phthalates emitted from PVC building products and asthma: Today's sealed and insulated buildings often result in indoor air that is actually more polluted than the air outside. 2003. Jaakkola. ix Lee, J. Symptoms of the poisoning with dichloroethane A short inhalation effect - dichloroethane vapor poisoning - at high concentrations initially affects the central nervous system, and the first signs of a toxicogenic stage of poisoning include headache, dizziness, weakness and … However, nausea and vomiting... stroke, heart attack, stomach ulcers, gallbladder problems, hepatitis, appendicitis, head injuries, and … Dampness at home as a risk factor for symptoms among 10,851 Swedish children. Phthalates. PVC and Dioxin - One of Most Toxic Chemicals Studied. [ifediba.com] The gas can cause dizziness, drowsiness, and headache when inhaled. Iron poisoning. Epoxy and resin can be poisonous if they are swallowed or their fumes are breathed in. xiv U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Dampness in buildings and health. PVC Flooring and Unhealthy Cleaning Products. 2005. Sci. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. xiii Center for Disease Control and Prevention. 2009. 1997. Resilient flooring & chemical hazards – a comparative analysis of vinyl and other alternatives to health care. The phthalates cling to dust and can then be breathed in by children and teachersiii. Vision problems 10. You may need any of the following: Heart medicine may be given to make your heart beat at a regular rate and rhythm. Environmental Health Perspectives 113: 1056-1061. A small exposure translates into a big dose. On a practical level, heating PVC pipe can cause distortion. If the chemical is on the skin or in the eyes, flush with lots of water for at least 15 minutes. Food poisoning has many causes, for example, chemicals (from toxic fish or plants) and bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus or Salmonella). 2008. ; How are PVCs treated? U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Severe pain or burning in the nose, eyes, ears, lips, or tongue, Throat swelling (which may also cause breathing difficulty), Voice changes, such as hoarseness or muffled voice, Holes in the skin or tissues under the skin, Name of product (as well as the ingredients and strength, if known), Breathing support, including oxygen, a tube through the mouth into the throat, and a breathing machine, Bronchoscopy, camera down the throat to see burns in the airways and lungs, Endoscopy, camera down the throat to see the extent of burns to the esophagus and stomach, Surgery to remove burned skin (debridement), Washing of the skin (irrigation), every few hours for several days. Here’s how you can help today: i Thornton, J. PVC is made from converting chlorine gas to ethylene dichloride. Death may occur months later. Arsenic trioxide is now used to treat acute promyelocytic leukaemia. Swallowed poisons, for example, often cause sickness, diarrhoea, agitation and heart issues. 2003. An emerging toxic plastic of concern, polyvinyl chloride (PVC or vinyl), is used widespread in schools across the nation. Nausea or vomiting 5. Third national report on human exposure to environmental chemicals. VC is the most toxic plastic for our health and environment. Online: http://www.healthybuilding.net/pvc/Thornton_Enviro_Impacts_of_PVC.pdf (20 October 2009). xxviii National Toxicology Program. The Center for Health, Environment and Justice, a non-profit organization based in New York, calls polyvinyl chloride “one of the most hazardous consumer products ever created” [source: CHEJ]. According to the US EPA, the levels of dioxin-like compounds found in the general population may cause a lifetime cancer risk as high as one in 1,000xxix. Asthma symptoms in relation to measured building dampness in upper concrete floor construction, and 2-ethyl-1-hexanol in indoor air. Indoor air quality Tools for Schools action kit. Volatile organic compound concentrations and emission rates in new manufactured and site-built houses. Plastic casting resins are found in various plastic casting resin products. Dioxin also causes a wide range of non-cancer effects including reproductive, developmental, immunological, and endocrine effects in both animals and humansxxx. Learn more about MSG allergies, including symptoms and treatments. The association between phthalates in dust and allergic diseases among Bulgarian children. This is a free and confidential service. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Just for starters. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 27. Unusually emotional behavior or extreme swings in emotions 5. Diarrhea generally begins within ten minutes to half an hour of an exposure and lasts several hours, but may begin as much as 2-3 hours later if the exposure is not severe. Infants ingest chemicals through breast milk, formula and contact with their environment. Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search. 1999. Contamination is caused by arsenic from natural geological sources leaching into aquifers, contaminating drinking water and may also occur from mining and other industrial processes. Healthy schools free from toxins are critical to a child's health and well-being. A PVC substance flow analysis for Sweden: Report for Norsk-Hydro. xxix USEPA. While some PVC manufacturers have formulated “no wax” finishes for some of their flooring products, many PVC flooring products still require the use of toxic maintenance productsxxv. Dizziness 4. Use: PVC plastic off-gas toxic fumes and can give off lead dust during use. Chronic solvent-induced encephalopathy (CSE) is a condition induced by long-term exposure to organic solvents, often but not always in the workplace, that lead to a wide variety of persisting sensorimotor polyneuropathies and neurobehavioral deficits even after solvent exposure has been removed. xxiv Lester, S., Schade, M. and Weigand, C. 2008. 2006. The noticeable smell from a new car or shower curtain is the result of PVC fumes. Symptoms vary depending on the concentration of carbon monoxide in the environment, the length of time you are exposed, and your health. This group has launched a publicity campaign against the production of polyvinyl chloride, called “PVC: Poison Plastic,” and produced a 2004 study, “Bad News Comes in Threes.” An average of one out of every 13 school-age children has asthma. Indoor Air 10: 178-192. xviiiNorbäck D. et al. PVC flooring often requires the use of toxic cleaners to keep it durable and shiny. A study of workers in an office building found they were diagnosed with adult-onset asthma at … xxiii Hodgson, A.T. et al. A.D.A.M. Apeldoorn, Netherlands. viii Swan, S. et al. PVC: Bad news comes in threes. Children More At Risk from Toxic Chemicals. (DBH-STEP 1). Arlington, VA: Health Care Without Harm. If you are exposed to very high levels of carbon monoxide gas in a poorly ventilated room, you can develop: 1. Several systems of the body may be affected. xxx USEPA. MSG allergies occur as a result of an allergic reaction to monosodium glutamate, or MSG. Swallowing such poisons can have severe effects on many parts of the body. Shortness of breath 6. Perforation (holes) may develop in these organs, leading to serious bleeding and infection. URL of this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002734.htm. Resin fumes may also be poisonous. For their weight, children eat, drink and breathe more than adults - so pound for pound they take in a greater quantity of toxic contaminants. Rapid brain development in the fetus, infants and young children make them more susceptible to harm from chemicals that may impair brain function and development. It's nothing to mess around with, especially considering that these chemicals are well-established carcinogens and endocrine disruptors that wreak havoc on growing children. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 77(3): 222-226. Environmental Health Perspectives June 1998. Copyright 1997-2021, A.D.A.M., Inc. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. Polyvinyl chloride, also known as PVC or vinyl, is arguably one of the most toxic types of plastic in our lives. USEPA, Office of Research and Development, NAS Review Draft, December, http://www.healthybuilding.net/pvc/Thornton_Enviro_Impacts_of_PVC.pdf, http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/04/17/child-obesity-is-linked-to-chemicals-in-plastics/?pagemode=print, http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/index.html, http://www.consumeraffairs.com/news04/2008/08/cpsc_congress08.html, http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/asthma.htm, http://www.epa.gov/iaq/schools/asthma.html, http://www.epa.gov/iaq/schools/actionkit.html#Backgrounder, http://www.healthybuilding.net/docs/HBN-ResilientFlooring&ChemicalHazards-Report.pdf, http://besafenet.com/pvc/documents/bad_news_comes_in_threes.pdf. Short-term exposure to moderate levels of vinyl chloride in the air can result in a headache, vertigo, loss of consciousness, and fatigue.Nervous system damage is also possible. Fatigue 6. The provider will measure and monitor the person's vital signs, including temperature, pulse, breathing rate, and blood pressure. Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease: Pathophysiology/Diagnosis/Management. xi Center for Disease Control and Prevention. The seminal book on the threats of plastic poisoning to our survival is called Our Stolen Future. 2009. Outcome depends on the amount of damage. This article is for information only. The presence of PVC flooring in the child’s bedroom was the strongest predictor of respiratory ailments, A study of 10,851 children found the presence of floor moisture and PVC significantly increased the risk of asthma, A study among personnel in four geriatric hospitals found asthma symptoms were more common in the two buildings with signs of phthalate degradation in PVC flooring, A study of workers in an office building found they were diagnosed with adult-onset asthma at a rate of about 9 times higher than expected. Shortness of breath 3. 2003. Children's health and the environment: a new agenda for preventive research. To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Arsenic toxicity is a global health problem affecting many millions of people. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Common indoor sources of volatile organic compounds: Emission rates and techniques for reducing consumer exposures. Feeling like it skipped comes from the force of the beat after the PVC. VOC's. Emission of Di-2-ethyhexyl phthalate from PVC flooring into air and uptake into dust: emission and sorption experiments in FLEC and CLIMPAQ. 1996. This causes some concerns not only for the usefulness of the pipe but also because the pipe's materials might leech into tanks or water lines when the PVC pipe is exposed to temperatures near its melting point. 2004. Learn how the PCV test, also known as packed cell volume haematocrit, to diagnose or evaluate anaemia (decrease of red blood cells), polycythaemia (increase in red blood cells) or dehydration. Dioxins are a class of chemicals unintentionally created from the manufacture and disposal of PVC products, such as vinyl flooring in schools.xxvi Dioxin is a potent cancer-causing agent and is considered to be a “known human carcinogen” by the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancerxxvii and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ National Toxicology Programxxviii. The symptoms of heavy metal poisoning vary, depending on the type of metal involved. Dull headache 2. Plastic casting resins are liquid plastics, such as epoxy. If you or someone you are with has an exposure, call your local emergency number (such as 911), or your local poison center can be reached directly by calling the national toll-free Poison Help hotline (1-800-222-1222) from anywhere in the United States. xx Jaakkola, J.J.K., Ieromnimon, A. and M.S. Some of the biggest corporations in the world have recognized the dangers of PVC’s lifecycle and have adopted policies to reduce or phase out PVC. The signs and symptoms of Drain Cleaner Poisoning can vary from one individual to another. Even small amounts of lead can cause serious health problems. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Volume 4, Number 11, pp. 2003. Associations between indoor environmental factors and parental- reported autistic spectrum disorders in children 6-8 years of age. These include dioxins, phthalates, vinyl chloride, ethylene dichloride, lead, cadmium, and organotins. xii Enoch, J. The signs and symptoms in young children can include: 1. irritability and fatigue 2. loss of appetite and weight loss 3. abdominal pain 4. vomiting 5. constipation 6. hearing loss 7. developmental delay and learning difficulties Although children are at increased risk of the effects of lead poisoning, exposure via drinkin… It may be mild in some and severe in others. In fact, asthma is a leading cause of school absenteeism: 14.7 million school days are missed each year due to asthmaxiv. General symptoms. Environmental Health Perspectives 111:1783-1785. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. Another study found PVC flooring can emit chemicals for a period of at least nine months, indicating a persistent risk of toxic exposurexxiii. Environmental impacts of polyvinyl chloride building materials – A Healthy Building Network report. … IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, Vol. School supplies such as 3-ring binders, backpacks, lunchboxes, and raincoats; Office supplies such as binders, computers and paperclips. And secondly, we are also being killed by plastic, just like the albatross. Extensive damage to the mouth, throat, eyes, lungs, esophagus, nose, and stomach are possible. Though we are not in acute danger of dying with bellies full of bottle caps and lighters, we are poisoning ourselves with plastic over time. Active PVC pipes should never be heate… “Childhood overweight and obesity.” Online: http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/index.html (20 October 2009). Final Report. 95-302, January. The poison plastic, health hazards and the looming waste crisis. Online: http://www.healthybuilding.net/docs/HBN-ResilientFlooring&ChemicalHazards-Report.pdf (20 October 2009). A study of PVC shower curtains found just one new vinyl shower curtain can release 108 VOC’s into the air over a 28-day period. Updated by: Jacob L. Heller, MD, MHA, Emergency Medicine, Emeritus, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA. Difficulty breathing; Rapid breathing ; EYES, EARS, NOSE, AND THROAT. 2002. iv TNO Centre for technology and Policy Studies. DO NOT use it to treat or manage an actual poison exposure. The researchers identified PVC flooring as the source of chemicals, such as 2-ethyl-l-hexanol, l-butanol, in the air, A study of adults working in rooms with plastic wall covering materials were more than twice as likely to develop asthma. This is 1,000 times higher than the generally "acceptable" risk level of one in a million. URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. Below are symptoms of poisoning from plastic casting resin in different parts of the body. “FastStats – Asthma.” Online: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/asthma.htm (20 October 2009). Indoor air quality and health problems associated with damp floor coverings in an office building. Washington, DC: Healthy Building Network. Schools that do not have responsible policies on protecting children's health are forcing students and staff to be exposed to toxic chemicals. Learn more about A.D.A.M. Why go to all the trouble to avoid toxic PVC (vinyl) plastic?? xv Larsson, M. et al. xvi Kolarik, B. et al. 2004. Duplication for commercial use must be authorized in writing by ADAM Health Solutions. Arsenic poisoning is a medical condition that occurs due to elevated levels of arsenic in the body. First, that is our waste out there. Interior surface materials and asthma in adults: A population-based incident case-control study. A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, for Health Content Provider (www.urac.org). In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Some studies have also found a correlation between phthalates and obesityix , a growing problem for children across the countryx . Long-term exposure can result in thickening of the skin, darker skin, abdominal pain, diarrhea, heart disease, numbness, and cancer. At very high levels, lead poisoning can be fatal. “Child obesity is linked to chemicals in plastics.” New York Times, April 17, City Room. Hoyte C. Caustics. Falls Church, VA: Center for Health, Environment and Justice, December. Environmental Health Perspectives 116(1): 98-103. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. PVC’s lifecycle is uniquely responsible for the release of Dioxins, some of the most toxic chemicals ever studied by the EPA. Other sources include contaminated air, water and soil.