We’re dealing with a hangover… disagreeable aftereffects from the use of drugs (especially alcohol), an official who remains in office after his term, something that has survived from the past. Surprisingly, my brain was still functioning enough to wonder where and how the word "hangover" was coined. [11] Drowsiness and impaired cognitive function are the two dominant features of alcohol hangover. In particular, in binge drinking the enzyme is activated and plays a role in creating a harmful condition known as oxidative stress which can lead to cell death. [3], Hangovers are poorly understood from a medical point of view. Potentially dangerous daily activities such as driving a car or operating heavy machinery are also negatively influenced. Hangover Name Meaning Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics (like red hair). [11] One study in mice indicates that fusel oil may have a mitigating effect on hangover symptoms,[22] while some whiskey congeners such as butanol protect the stomach against gastric mucosal damage in the rat. hangover meaning: 1. a feeling of illness after drinking too much alcohol: 2. something that continues from an…. A hangover is the experience of various unpleasant physiological and psychological effects usually following the consumption of alcohol, such as wine, beer, and distilled spirits. The consequences of the new legislation is hanging over companies across the country. [24][25][26][27] All four studies concluded that darker liquors, which have higher congeners, produced worse hangovers. [citation needed] The Alcohol Hangover Research Group had its inaugural meeting in June 2010 as part of the Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA) 33rd Annual Scientific Meeting in San Antonio, Texas, USA. Drinking water may help relieve symptoms as a result of dehydration but it is unlikely that rehydration significantly reduces the presence and severity of alcohol hangover. Other untested or discredited treatments include: A somewhat dated French idiomatic expression for hangover is "mal aux cheveux", literally "sore hair" (or "[even] my hair hurts"). Originally, hangover described someone or something that remained or simply survived, but it was later distilled into common use as a word for the effects of overconsumption of alcohol or drugs. Dear Word Detective: After a long night of drinking, I awoke this morning with a pretty nice hangover. 1; noun hangover something remaining behind from a former period or state of affairs. [1] Some complex organic molecules found in alcoholic beverages known as congeners may play an important role in producing hangover effects because some, such as methanol, are metabolized to the notably toxic substances formaldehyde and formic acid. [3] An imbalance of the immune system, in particular of cytokine metabolism has been identified as playing a role in the pathophysiology of the hangover state. An estimated 9.23% (11.6 million workers) of the U.S. labor force work with a hangover. The term hangover has it's origin in Victorian Britain. hangover -- n. 1904. A sense of doom hung over the town . All Free. [38], Some sources indicate there is no evidence that any treatments for hangovers are effective. [12] However, recent studies showed no significant correlation between hangover severity and the concentrations of various hormones, electrolytes, free fatty acids, triglycerides, lactate, ketone bodies, cortisol, and glucose in blood and urine samples. [13] Someone who, if after spending their money on alcohol could not afford a bed to sleep in and didn't have enough money to pay to use someone's floor to lie down on would take the cheaper option -that of hanging across a rope under the arms in a standing position. Additional associated phenomena are dehydration, metabolic acidosis, disturbed prostaglandin synthesis, increased cardiac output, vasodilation, sleep deprivation and insufficient eating. The unpleasant after-effects of drinking too much alcohol. I decided to do my essay now so it wouldn't be hanging over me all weekend. Ethanol slows the conversion of methanol into its toxic metabolites so that most of the methanol can be excreted harmlessly in the breath and urine without forming its toxic metabolites. WordSense.eu Dictionary: hangover - meaning, definition, synonyms, antonyms, translations, origin, anagrams. [3], Alcohol also induces the CYP2E1 enzyme, which metabolizes ethanol and other substances into more reactive toxins. [5], In mid-2017, it was reported that one company in the UK allows sick days when hung over. This delayed action makes it an attractive candidate explanation for delayed post-intoxication symptoms and correlations between methanol concentrations and the presence of hangover symptoms that have been found in studies. Similar negative effects caused by previous excessive consumption of something else, such as a drug, coffee, sugar, etc. A 1990 study of students at a rural New England university found that 25% had experienced a hangover in the previous week and 29% reported losing school time for hangover recovery. Metabolism of methanol produces some extremely toxic compounds, such as formaldehyde and formic acid, which may play a role in the severity of hangover. I honestly don't get it. [60] Similar is the Irish 'brown bottle flu' derived from the type of bottle common to beer. [31], In current research, the significant relationship between immune factors and hangover severity is the most convincing among all factors so far studied. [42] By 1938, the Ritz-Carlton Hotel provided a hangover remedy in the form of a mixture of Coca-Cola and milk[42] (Coca-Cola itself having been invented, by some accounts,[43][44] as a hangover remedy). Fifteen percent of men and women who have consumed alcohol experience hangovers at least monthly and 10% of British men reported hangover-related problems at work at least monthly. Some symptoms such as changes in sleep pattern and gastrointestinal distress are attributed to direct effects of the alcohol intoxication, or withdrawal symptoms. Although it is actually unknown whether hangover symptoms and severity change with age, research shows that drinking patterns change across ages, and heavy drinking episodes that may result in hangover are much less often experienced as age increases. [7][8], An alcohol hangover is associated with a variety of symptoms that may include drowsiness, headache, concentration problems, dry mouth, dizziness, gastrointestinal complaints, fatigue, sweating, nausea, hyper-excitability, anxiety, and a feeling of general discomfort that may last more than 24 hours. [5], According to an article in Historic UK, the term hangover would come from the practice of homeless people in London spending the night in a room sleeping while literally hanging over a rope. hangover (n.) also hang-over, 1894, "a survival, a thing left over from before," from hang (v.) + over. [37], Within the limited amount of serious study on the subject, there is debate about whether a hangover may be prevented or at least mitigated. However, they do encourage drinking water and getting rest.) Learn more. . Stage where I don't have the strenght to write this definition. [45] A 1957 survey by an American folklorist found widespread belief in the efficacy of heavy fried foods, tomato juice and sexual activity.[46]. [24] The socioeconomic implications of an alcohol hangover include workplace absenteeism, impaired job performance, reduced productivity and poor academic achievement. Meaning "after-effect of drinking too much" is first attested 1904, on notion of something left over from the night before. Fun Facts about the name Hangover. Book hang-o-ver (hang-oh-ver) noun 1. Especially the hangover symptoms nausea, headache, and fatigue have been suggested to be mediated by changes in the immune system. 2. [62], Psychological research of alcohol hangover is growing rapidly. 5 synonyms of hang (over) from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 5 related words, definitions, and antonyms. 2007, Suzanne Barnett, Jennifer Barnett Lesman, Amy Barnett Buchanan, Bev West, 3 Fat Chicks on a Diet, St. Martin's Press () Don't go overboard and find yourself with a sugar hangover that lasts for days and makes your diet days that much harder. [3] Alcohol's effect on the stomach lining can account for nausea because alcohol stimulates the production of hydrochloric acid in the stomach. [11], Several studies have examined whether certain types of alcohol cause worse hangovers. One study found that injecting sodium acetate into rats caused them to have nociceptive behavior (headaches). Many suffering from the morning-after blues indulge in a Bloody Mary as a hangover cure. Hangovers are caused by drinking too much alcohol. This is thought to be caused by declining supplies of alcohol dehydrogenase, the enzyme involved in metabolizing alcohol. It is naturally formed in small quantities during fermentation and it can be accidentally concentrated by improper distillation techniques. In the 19th century United States, a hangover was sometimes called a Katzenjammer from the German for "screeching cats". The metabolism of glucose and insulin are also influenced. any aftermath of or lingering effect from a distressing experience: the post-Watergate hangover in Washington. June 10, 2018 at 11:20 AM [30] Furthermore, alcohol is a diuretic, causing excretion of electrolytes through urination. However, the historical evidence for the term shows that it comes from the idea of something that remains or is left over – a remainder or survival or after-effect – of being drunk, and not of a person literally being hung over anything. [23] Different types of alcoholic beverages contain different amounts of congeners. hangover meaning: 1. a feeling of illness after drinking too much alcohol: 2. something that continues from an…. Studies suggest that electrolyte changes play only a minor role in the genesis of the alcohol hangover and are caused by dehydration effects. Something that is a hangover from the past is an idea or way of behaving which people used to have in the past but which people no longer generally have. Hangover. In Canada 1.4 billion (USD) is lost each year because of decreased occupational productivity caused by hangover-like symptoms. [4] More likely is the original meaning of hangover as something relating to an earlier event or thought; in drinking terms, as the effects being a remnant of prior excess Alcohol triggers an inflammatory response from your immune system. also hang-over, 1894, "a survival, a thing left over from before," from hang (v.) + over.Meaning "after-effect of excessive drinking" is attested by 1902, American English, on notion of something left over from the night before. In addition, about half of all East Asians convert acetaldehyde to acetic acid more slowly (via acetaldehyde dehydrogenase), causing a higher buildup of acetaldehyde than normally seen in other groups. The symptoms include headache, depression, remorse, shakiness, nausea and VERTIGO.With the possible exception of stomach irritation, these are not caused by alcohol, most of which has already been metabolized. Beverage-specific effects of additives or by-products such as congeners in alcoholic beverages also play an important role. [24] In a 2006 study, an average of 14 standard drinks (330 ml each) of beer was needed to produce a hangover, but only 7 to 8 drinks was required for wine or liquor (note that one standard drink has the same amount of alcohol regardless of type). [9] Alcohol hangover symptoms develop when blood alcohol concentration falls considerably and peak when it returns to almost zero. Some terms for 'hangover' are derived from names for liquor, for example, in Chile a hangover is known as a caña from a Spanish slang term for a glass of beer. New words appear; old ones fall out of use or alter their meanings. [4] Avoiding alcohol or drinking in moderation are the most effective ways to avoid a hangover. What does hangover mean? The ancient Romans, on the authority of Pliny the Elder, favored raw owl's eggs or fried canary,[41] while the "prairie oyster" restorative, introduced at the 1878 Paris World Exposition, calls for raw egg yolk mixed with Worcestershire sauce, Tabasco sauce, salt and pepper. . Ethanol has a dehydrating effect by causing increased urine production (diuresis), which could cause thirst, dry mouth, dizziness and may lead to an electrolyte imbalance. [26][27], One potent congener is methanol. The inability to function at work/school because you were up all night binge-reading [4][38], Recommendations for foods, drinks and activities to relieve hangover symptoms abound. [1], While the causes of a hangover are still poorly understood,[2] several factors are known to be involved including acetaldehyde accumulation, changes in the immune system and glucose metabolism, dehydration, metabolic acidosis, disturbed prostaglandin synthesis, increased cardiac output, vasodilation, sleep deprivation and malnutrition. I was just wondering on the origin of the term "Hangover" and came across the following... Posted by Frankie on May 10, 2000: "Hangover" --slang, describing the action of dangling over the commode (toilet bowl) the next morning . Posted by Alaric Cartwright-Jepson on January 24, 2005. Why Hangover? Weird things about the name Hangover: The name spelled backwards is Revognah. (By the way, medical professionals do not prescribe alcoholic drinks to treat the symptoms of a hangover. June 10, 2018 at 11:20 AM Which you could literally translate as “put into the state of Kater”. Originally refers to any person who behaves similarly to an ape or an idiot, i.e. ‘The internal one is a hangover from the Soviet times and is their only valid form of I.d.’ ‘Mr Mahony blames a hangover from the Honeyford affair on the failure to establish real dialogue on race issues.’ ‘There's a hangover from that which has made people reluctant to chase after the big money.’ A single alcoholic drink is enough to trigger a hangover for some people, while others may drink heavily and escape a hangover entirely.Various factors may contribute to a hangover. . Similar is the Irish 'brown bottle flu' derived from the type of bottle common to beer. Sex: at the same number of drinks, women are more prone to hangover than men, and this is likely explained by sex differences in the pharmacokinetics of alcohol. [2] Several pathophysiological changes may give rise to the alcohol hangover including increased levels of acetaldehyde, hormonal alterations of the cytokine pathways and decrease of the availability of glucose. In turn, urinating more than usual can lead to dehydration — often indicated by thirst, dizziness and lightheadedness. [citation needed], In 2012, Éduc'alcool, a Quebec-based non-profit organization that aims to educate the public on the responsible use of alcohol, published a report noting hangovers have long-lasting effects that inhibit the drinker's capabilities a full 24 hours after heavy drinking. Information and translations of hangover in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The inability to start a new book because you are still living in the old book's world 2. noun. [58] Some terms for 'hangover' are derived from names for liquor, for example, in Chile a hangover is known as a caña[59] from a Spanish slang term for a glass of beer. [16] The high concentration of acetaldehyde causes the alcohol flush reaction, colloquially known as the "Asian Flush". Learn more. Meaning of hangover. As a hangover from rationing, they mixed butter and margarine. [5][10] Hangover symptoms validated in controlled studies include general malaise, thirst, headache, feeling dizzy or faint, tiredness, loss of appetite, nausea, stomach ache, and feeling as though one's heart is racing. Nausea and headaches often caused by way too much fucking alcohol. [11][28] Since methanol metabolism is effectively inhibited by consumption of alcohol, methanol accumulates during drinking and only begins to be metabolized once ethanol has been cleared. The Hangover is een komische film uit 2009, geregisseerd door Todd Phillips.Voor hoofdrolspelers Bradley Cooper en Justin Bartha was het na Failure to Launch en New York, I Love You hun derde film samen.. hangover synonyms, hangover pronunciation, hangover translation, English dictionary definition of hangover. These reactions also convert nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) to its reduced form NADH in a redox reaction. In Finland, a country with a population of 5 million persons, over 1 million workdays are lost each year because of hangovers. The concentration of several cytokines have been found to be significantly increased in the blood after alcohol consumption. In general, dark liquors have a higher concentration while clear liquors have a lower concentration. [17][18], Acetaldehyde may also influence glutathione peroxidase, a key antioxidant enzyme, and increases the susceptibility to oxidative stress. A four-page literature review in the British Medical Journal concludes: "No compelling evidence exists to suggest that any conventional or complementary intervention is effective for preventing or treating alcohol hangover. After a night of drinking, the resulting lack of key B and C vitamins, as well as potassium, magnesium, and zinc may cause fatigue, aching and other hangover-like symptoms. [13], Acetaldehyde, the first by-product of ethanol, is between 10 and 30 times more toxic than alcohol itself[14] and can remain at an elevated plateau for many hours after initial ethanol consumption. Age: some people experience hangovers as getting worse as one ages. (hang over someone/something) if something hangs over you, you worry about it or feel upset about it The threat of homelessness hangs over hundreds of families . These include interleukin 12 (IL-12), interferon gamma (IFNγ) and interleukin 10 (IL-10). [32] Some pharmacological studies such as on tolfenamic acid[33] and Opuntia ficus-indica (OFI)[34] have also indicated an involvement of the immune system. "[4] Most remedies do not significantly reduce overall hangover severity. But that’s too much for today. World Wide Words tries to record at least a part of this shifting wordscape by featuring new words, word histories, words in the news, and the curiosities of native English speech. [6], The academically accepted explanation is the mere extension of the sense of "a survival, a thing left over from before" at least as early as 1902. Now, besides hangover, there’s also the adjective hungover and that in German is verkatert. Hangovers can last for several hours or for more than 24 hours. The connection sounds pretty convincing, and Orwell actually uses the word hangover to describe the method. ‘The name was a hangover from the First World War, when the larger mortars were employed to lay down smoke or gas.’ ‘The closing of the precinct was a hangover from the … Definition of hangover in the Definitions.net dictionary. [3], Several factors which do not in themselves cause alcohol hangover are known to influence its severity. Women attain a higher. What does the name Bloody Mary mean? [3], Though many possible remedies and folk cures have been suggested, there is no compelling evidence to suggest that any are effective for preventing or treating alcohol hangover. By causing an imbalance of the NAD+/NADH redox system, alcoholic beverages make normal bodily functions more difficult. But when the rats were given caffeine, which blocks the action of adenosine, they no longer experienced headaches. hangover definition: The definition of a hangover is defined as something left over, or feeling badly the morning after you consume too much alcohol. The term hangover was originally a 19th century expression describing unfinished business—something left over (hung over )from a meeting—or ‘survival.’ In 1904, the meaning “after-effect of drinking too much” first surfaced, according to Wikipedia. an institution which is a hangover from Victorian times → hangover Examples from the Corpus a hangover from something • Huge business debt is the hangover from the buyout mania of the 1980s. R eflecting on life in 1920s New York, F Scott Fitzgerald opined that “the hangover became a part of the day as well allowed-for as the Spanish siesta”. To cause someone continual stress, dread, or unease. Typical symptoms of a hangover may include headache, drowsiness, concentration problems, dry mouth, dizziness, fatigue, gastrointestinal distress (e.g., vomiting, diarrhea), absence of hunger, light sensitivity, depression, sweating, nausea, hyper-excitability, irritability, and anxiety. COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. [1], After being ingested, the ethanol in alcoholic beverages is first converted to acetaldehyde by the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase and then to acetic acid by oxidation and egestion process. hangover. To be an imminent threat to or imposition on someone or something. ", "Whiskey hangover worse than vodka, study says", "Relationships between nutrition, alcohol use, and liver disease", "Effect of Opuntia ficus indica on symptoms of the alcohol hangover", "Hangover and risk for alcohol use disorders: existing evidence and potential mechanisms", "Raw Eggs? Whereas vodka has virtually no more congeners than pure ethanol, bourbon has a total congener content 37 times higher than that found in vodka. [ + from] More Synonyms of hangover. Hang - meaning to suspend, comes from the ancient (PIE) word kank which means the same thing. Alcoholic writer Ernest Hemingway relied on tomato juice and beer. [10], The processes which lead to hangovers are still poorly understood. hangover (n.) 1894, "a survival, a thing left over from before," from hang (v.) + over. This may explain the temporary postponement of symptoms reported in the common remedy of drinking more alcohol to relieve hangover symptoms. hangover meaning: 1. a feeling of illness after drinking too much alcohol: 2. something that continues from an…. It is possible the name you are searching has less than five occurrences per year. About 23% of drinkers do not report any hangover after drinking to intoxication. These factors include personality, genetics, health status, age, sex, associated activities during drinking such as smoking, the use of other drugs, physical activity such as dancing, as well as sleep quality and duration. Alcohol causes your body to produce more urine. One even showed that hangovers were worse and more frequent with darker liquors. New Options for the Besotted", "Severe cholestatic hepatitis induced by pyritinol", "Recipe to Cure a New Year's Eve Hangover - WSJ.com", "Hair of the Dog: Is there such a thing as a hangover "cure"? Read on to learn what a hangover is or meaning according to science, history, causes and why you are likely get it without drinking plus what can help. The Hangover won in 2010 een Golden Globe in de categorie 'beste komedie- of musicalfilm'. the disagreeable physical aftereffects of drunkenness, such as a headache or stomach disorder, usually felt several hours after cessation of drinking. For example: 1. Hangover: A common nonmedical term for the disagreeable physical effects following excessive consumption of alcohol (or the use of other psychoactive drugs).Veisalgia is the little-used medical name for the condition. Cigarette smoking: acetaldehyde which is absorbed from cigarette smoking during alcohol consumption is regarded as a contributor to alcohol hangover symptoms. The usual cost of these lodgings was two pence and gave us the Victorian era term of ‘two-penny hangover’. also hang-over, 1894, "a survival, a thing left over from before," from hang (v.) + over. something remaining behind from a former period or state of affairs. hangover. Most people have had a hangover but if they were to define what it really is… it would be quite challenging. • The beat, a hangover from the early Metropolitan Police as well as from the older watch system, had clearly defined features. hangover - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. [3], The metabolic processes required for alcohol elimination deplete essential vitamins[29] and electrolytes. There is also a vast body of folk medicine and simple quackery. The term hangover has it's origin in Victorian Britain. Wodehouse assigned a hangover cure to his most famous fictional creation, Jeeves, the estimable butler famous for his bracer of Worcestershire sauce, raw egg, and pepper. Hair of the Dog? Out of 6,028,151 records in the U.S. Social Security Administration public data, the first name Hangover was not present. [63], "Morning After" redirects here. [45] Other purported hangover cures include cocktails such as Bloody Mary or Black Velvet (consisting of equal parts champagne and stout). In addition, there is a biochemical explanation for this finding. Some establishments allowed people to lean on the rope while sitting on a bench, while other only allowed people to stand and lean on the taut rope. [3] Also known as insulin shock, hypoglycemia can lead to coma or even death. Congeners include substances such as amines, amides, acetones, acetaldehydes, polyphenols, methanol, histamines, fusel oil, esters, furfural, and tannins, many but not all of which are toxic. hangover (n.) also hang-over, 1894, "a survival, a thing left over from before," from hang (v.) + over.Meaning "after-effect of excessive drinking" is attested by 1902, American English, on notion of something left over from the night before. Consequences of the alcohol induced redox changes in the human body include increased triglyceride production, increased amino acid catabolism, inhibition of the citric acid cycle, lactic acidosis, ketoacidosis, hyperuricemia, disturbance in cortisol and androgen metabolism and increased fibrogenesis. Originally U.S., apparently a development of an earlier usage, "something or someone 'left over' from before." What is the History? For example, some people (predominantly East Asians) have a mutation in their alcohol dehydrogenase gene that makes this enzyme unusually fast at converting ethanol to acetaldehyde. A British study found that alcohol use accounted for 3.3 billion (USD) in lost wages each year, as a result of work missed because of hangovers. This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 21:03. [15] In addition, certain genetic factors can amplify the negative effects of acetaldehyde. Learn more. These studies suggest that the presence and severity of hangover symptoms can probably be reduced by administration of a cyclooxygenase inhibitor such as aspirin or ibuprofen. [27] Another study ranked several drinks by their ability to cause a hangover as follows (from low to high): distilled ethanol diluted with fruit juice, beer, vodka, gin, white wine, whisky, rum, red wine and brandy. [36] Health care professionals prefer to study alcohol abuse from a standpoint of treatment and prevention, and there is a view that the hangover provides a useful, natural and intrinsic disincentive to excessive drinking. Some compounds reduce specific symptoms such as vomiting and headache, but are not effective in reducing other common hangover symptoms such as drowsiness and fatigue. These days, hangover can also suggest an emotional letdown or an undesirable prolongation of notes or … hangover The state of general distress experienced on the morning after an evening of alcoholic over-indulgence. Likewise, acetic acid (or the acetate ion) can cause additional problems. n. 1. How unique is the name Hangover? Meaning "after-effect of excessive drinking" is attested by 1902, American English, on notion of something left over from the night before. For the album by Dvsn, see, "A review of the literature on the cognitive effects of alcohol hangover", "Interventions for preventing or treating alcohol hangover: systematic review of randomised controlled trials", "The alcohol hangover research group consensus statement on best practice in alcohol hangover research", https://www.news18.com/news/buzz/is-the-term-hangover-derived-from-age-old-practice-of-drunken-sailors-sleeping-on-a-rope-2933135.html, "The alcohol hangover--a puzzling phenomenon", "Alcohol hangover symptoms and their contribution to the overall hangover severity", "The mutation in the mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) gene responsible for alcohol-induced flushing increases turnover of the enzyme tetramers in a dominant fashion", "Acetate causes alcohol hangover headache in rats", "Is coffee the real cure for a hangover? While ethanol is by itself sufficient to produce most hangover effects, congeners may potentially aggravate hangover and other residual effects to some extent. Since the alcohol flush reaction is highly uncomfortable and the possibility of hangovers is immediate and severe, people with this gene variant are less likely to become alcoholics. ", "For hangovers, bartenders prefer the 'hair of the dog' - SFGate", "Hangover Myths Slideshow: Hangover Cures, Herbal Remedies, Hair of the Dog, and Other Common Myths", "Caffeinated Drinks, Alcohol Consumption, and Hangover Severity", "Alcohol consumption by college undergraduates: current use and 10-year trends", "11 old-timey words for 'hangover' we need to bring back", "This London company is offering 'hangover' sick days to its staff", "Alcohol Hangover: Mechanisms and Mediators", "The party's over: Advice on treating hangovers", Acute intoxication from hallucinogens (bad trip), Hallucinogen persisting perception disorder, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hangover&oldid=998537924, Articles with dead external links from September 2020, Articles containing Norwegian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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