Related Posts. Species in the Alliaceae are perennial herbs. The Fabaceae family is a large family of the plant kingdom, including several economically important plants. Species belonging to the Brassicaceae are mostly annual, biennial, or perennial herbaceous plants, some are dwarf shrubs or shrubs, and very few vines. The leaves vary from flat to circular in cross-section and may be hollow, with parallel veins running lengthwise along the blade. [CDATA[ Posted In Uncategorized | No comments . If you have a radish or turnip blooming in the garden, then take a close look at the blossoms. [CDATA[ The fruits of this family have importance in taxonomic and systematic studies. ... Family: Brassicaceae: Introduction & history. Distribution: The species of this family are distributed throughout the world but are abundant in North Temperate Zone with Mediterranean as major center. Floral formula and floral diagram. Inner stamens have longer filaments than the outer stamens. Pin It. It is a source of high protein food, oil, and forage. Subclass . The family Brassicaceae consists of about 350 genera and 3000 species, found mainly in temperate and warm temperate parts of both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. Dicotyledonae. A floral formula is a system of representing the structure of a flower using specific letters, numbers, and symbols. Floral ontogeny (Figs. Some are al… google_ad_client: "ca-pub-5414192315724946", Brassicaceae 1-Floral formula. Calyx: The calyx consists of 4 sepals which are free and imbricate in nature. If you find that combination in a flower, then you know it is a member of the Mustard family. f. Simple leaf. Family Brassicaceae is also called as the mustard family. act i nomorph ic. Question 1. ebracteate. Another most common feature of this family is the presence of glandular, simple stellar hairs. Create custom Assignments. Fodder: Leaves of Brassica species are used as fodder. Pin It. Its members yield several vegetable crops. Botanical Description of the Family. The two outer lateral sepals are often larger and saccate at the base whereas the inner two sepals are usually slimmer. Draw floral diagram and write floral formula. There are 4 sepals, 4 petals, 6 (SIX!) in this presentation you will study about general introduction of the family, its distributions, vegetative characters, floral characters, floral formula and diagram, important genera of this family and economic importance of this family. Ovary has two parietal placentae each with one or many ovules. Masaaki Osaka, 1, 9 Tomoki Matsuda, 2, 9 Satomi Sakazono, 1 Hiromi Masuko-Suzuki, 1 Shunsuke Maeda, 1 Misato Sewaki, 2 Mikako Sone, 1 Hirokazu Takahashi, 3 Mikio Nakazono, 3 Megumi Iwano, 4 Seiji Takayama, 4 Kentaro K. Shimizu, 5 … Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. ... Floral diagram with floral formula (Oryza sativa or rice): Some important plants of the family: Oryza sativa (Rice) Triticum aestivum (wheat) Zea mays (maize) Propagation type:Fruit, partial fruit, seed Distribution: The species of this family are distributed throughout the world but are abundant in North Temperate Zone with Mediterranean as major center. Flower : The mustard family (Brassicaceae or Cruciferae) belongs to the order Brassicales and is readily distinguished from other flowering plant families by a cruciform (cross-shaped) corolla, six stamens (the outer two shorter than the inner four), a capsule often with a septum and a pungent watery sap. Habit: The members of this family are primarily herbaceous. These herbs may be mostly annual or perennial or rarely biennials. Stigma is two lobed or discoid, Brassica oleracea capitata, Brassica oleracea gemmifera, Brassica hirta, Brassica campestris, Brassica alba, Brassica juncea, Brassica nigra, Brassica napus, Eruca sativa, Previous years questions with explanations...for all competitive exams, The young buds, leaves and shoots of various varieties of, The tender leaves and shoots of various varieties of, The oil cake obtained after the manufacture of oil from various varieties of. Seeds of Brassica nigra and Brassica alba are also used as condiment. For the purposes of the Mustard family, all you need to remember is "4 petals with 6 stamens--4 tall and 2 short". Fig. Androecium And Gynoecium. Also refer: Asteraceae, Brassicaceae, and Poaceae. Brassicaceae Plants of the Mustard Family (Previously known as Cruciferae) Mustard flowers are easy to recognize. Floral formula: Distribution of Malvaceae: It is commonly called cotton family or mallow family. In Paeonia the flower is pentamerous with 5 sepals and petals each, indefinite stamens but only two to three carpels. In India this family is represented by about 51 genera and 138 species distributed around temperate and alpine Himalaya. Oil cake is obtained by crushing the seeds. It might sometimes contain latex. ADVERTISEMENTS: Vegetative Characters: Habit: Nearly all are herbs, annuals in the tropical and biennials in the colder parts. Root system: The members of this family have tap root system. Brassicaceae, the mustard family of flowering plants (order Brassicales), composed of 338 genera and some 3,700 species. Analysis of Arabidopsis floral transcriptome: Detection of new florally expressed genes and expansion of Brassicaceae-specific gene families January 2014 Frontiers in Plant Science 5(25):802 Your email address will not be published. The cotyledons are large incumbent, Accumbent or folded. Although generally terrestrial, a few species such as water awlwort live submerged in fresh water. Food: Most of the important pulses belong to this family. Floral structure and floral diagram of a typical plant (Mustard-/Brassica campestris) of family Brassicaceae. Apocynaceae family Characteristics: floral formula Inflorescence| Dogbane family:- About Apocynaceae family dogbane is that the Oleander contains cardiac glycosides. If the pod is cylindrical it is called siliqua (Brassica sps.) c. Detail of stigma and short style. Generalized floral diagram of Brassicaceae. View Answer. The calyx consists of 4 sepals which are free and imbricate in nature. How to draw floral diagram of cruciferae || Brassica campestris || Most easy way || Step by step - Duration: 7:47. The stem is erect, herbaceous, and rarely woody. Seeds are dispersed by birds, cattle, wind or water. A floral formula is a written shorthand used to represent the structure of a flower using the standard set of symbols shown at the right. These are herbs, shrubs or trees. // ]]>. Drawings and floral diagram of Mendoravia dumaziana. 4. A floral formula is a written shorthand used to represent the structure of a flower using the standard set of symbols shown at the right. However, the taxonomy (see Glossary) of the Brassicaceae (338 genera and 3709 species ) has … Its important characteristics are mentioned below. b. The Poaceae (also called Gramineae or true grasses) are a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants. Four sepals (light green) in median and lateral positions are followed by four alternating petals (red). The filaments of the two inner pairs of stamens are occasionally connate. Children have died after roasting hot dogs on the sticks. MEDIUM. Habitat: Members of this family are mostly mesophytes. The family Fabaceae is also known as Leguminosae or Papilionaceae since it belongs to the pea or legume family. The leaves grow from a bulb at the base of the plant. The most common species found in Pakistan are: Brassica campestris (sarson), Brassica oleracea, Raphanus sativus (radish), Iberis amara, Senebiera didyma (a weed of cultivation during cold season), etc. Most keys to Brassicaceae stress important characters of … In India this family is represented by about 51 genera and 138 species distributed around temperate and alpine Himalaya. Answer : Floral Characters : 1. Polypetalae. Farsetia jacquemontii is an undershrub. Trimerous flower, superior ovary and axile placentation are the characteristics of Liliaceae Solanaceae Cucurbitaceae Compositae. 2 carpels, fused to form compound ovary: synearpous. The two outer lateral sepals are often larger and saccate at the base whereas the inner two sepals are usually slimmer. Members of the family are annual or perennial herbs native to temperate and tropical areas and include cucumbers, gourds, melons, Pin It. This family is commonly known as mustard family and ... Floral diagram with floral formula (mustard): Important plants of the family: Brassica campestris (mustard) Brassica oleracea botrytis (cauliflower) Brassica oleracea capitata (cabbage) Raphanus sativus (radish) Cherianthus cheiri (wall flower) Economic importance: As vegetables: Few plants like radish, cauliflower, cabbage etc. Distinguishing Features Herb. Example: radish, turnip, cabbage. catilillokver etc. Flower at anthesis. Inflorescence : Usually Racemose, Raceme (e.g.. Mustard), some have Corymb (e.g., Candytuft) 2. Brassicaceae, the mustard family of flowering plants (order Brassicales), composed of 338 genera and some 3,700 species. VIEW MORE. A false septum extending from one parietal placenta to the other divides the cavity of the ovary into two locules. 3. The most common species found in Pakistan are: Brassica campestris (sarson), Brassica oleracea, Raphanus sativus (radish), Iberis amara, Senebiera didyma (a weed of cultivation during cold season), etc. ; They are generally annual herbs with tap root system that may be branched. Insecticide: The flowers of Cluysamhemum (L op jf) are grounded to produce a powder. Solanaceae family is also known as the potato family. MEDIUM. The family contains well-known species, such as Brassica oleracea, Brassica rapa, Brassica napus, Raphanus sativus, Armoracia rusticana, Arabidopsis thaliana, and many others. The family comprises of about 350 Genera and 2500 Species. 4. Economic Importance----- ----- Vegetables and fruits: Many members of this ... FAMILY 10: Solanaceae (Potato Family) – Characters , Floral formula & importance; FAMILY 3: Fabaceae – Characters , Floral formula & Species; Tweet. Extraction of oil: Vegetable oils are extracted from many members of this family like mustard howeu Eruct. In floral formula of Brassicaceae A 2 + 4 represents to MEDIUM. e. Detail of stamens showing poricidal dehiscence. sepals, free. All the very best from Team Studyandscore, Brassicaceae: General characters, Distribution, Important plants, Economic importance and Floral diagram. A false septum extending from one parietal placenta to the other divides the cavity of the ovary into two locules. Used as condiments: Some plants are used as condiments like Breathy negroBrussicu alba, Ornamental plants: Some plants are used as ornamental plants like cherianthus cheiri(wall flower) iberis imara (candytuft). In corymb (Iberis) inflorescence the bracts and bracteoles are usually suppressed. There are around 20,000 species of dicotyledonous Fabaceae plants widely distributed all over the world. 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