The federal system is a political system where a country is divided into different autonomous states or provinces. The state did not address this diversity in time and the expectation of people increased in such a way that their expectations could be fulfilled only in the federal system. Nepal Income Tax Slab Rates for FY 2077-78 B.S. Email to 1111@nepal.gov.np Send fax to 1100 Complain by sending letter or in person. By taking into note the importance of healthy and productive citizens in national development. Development regions were created for decentralization but powers, authority and development activities were centralized in the capital. In notion of fair and inclusive state, it is a necessity to transform health sector from profit oriented to service oriented sector. One hundred and twenty-two (122) political parties participated in this election, and 30 of them got representation in the Constituent Assembly-II. A party with an overall majority (more seats than all other parties combined) following an election forms the government. About; Organizational Structure; Why is Federal System Felt Necessary in Nepal. It looks after the matters related to education, health, etc of the concerned state. Hope you will get back to me soon. By Reuters Staff. The executive power of the province shall be exercised by the province Head in case of absence of the province Executive in a State of Emergency or enforcement of the Federal rule. The executive appoints and transfers relevant officials in the country’s civil and military departments. ⇒ Maximum use of means and resources. Similarly, there is a District Coordination Committee in every district. Though the provincial governments are autonomous, they are controlled by the provision of law. Everest at 8,848 meters. [5] The term for the Provincial Assembly is five years, except when dissolved earlier. Project implementer is … Nepal is a landlocked sovereign country located in South Asia. The President appoints a Governor for every province. It is called the District Assembly. The council is comprised of the prime minister, two deputy prime ministers, 24 ministers, and 14 state ministers. However, the Constituent Assembly (Jestha 2065-2069) could not settle the various issues regarding the determination of federal units in Nepal. They have the power to direct, control and conduct the governance system of village and town level respectively. 3. They are as follows: This is the national level government situated in the capital of the country i.e. Kathmandu. The first meeting of the District Assembly is held within 30 days after the publication of final results of the elections of the Village Assemblies and Town Assemblies. But we can’t ignore the importance of the federal system in Nepal. While all major parties officially espouse democratic socialism, NCP is considered leftist while Nepali Congress is conside The unitary system of government has been practiced in Nepal for a long time. According to the Nepalko Jilla Prashasan Punargathanko Report, 2013 (A report of reconstruction of districts of Nepal, 1956), Nepal was first time divided into total 7 Kshetras (area). Therefore, federalism was raised as a political agenda against the unitary system after the success of people’s movement II, 2062/063. Generally, there are three administrative units under the federal system. President and prime minister are elected by parliament. Get here a post about the Federal System of Government in Nepal. The politics of Nepal functions within the framework of a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system. The Constitution of Nepal 2015 has ensured every citizen the provision of basic health services from the state as fundamental right. Women should account for one-third of total members elected from each party and if one-third percentage are not elected, the party that fails to ensure so shall have to elect one-third of total number as women through the party-list proportional representation.[6]. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the North by the People’s Republic of China, and to the South, East and West by the Republic of India. The Seven provinces were formed by grouping the existing districts; two districts, namely Nawalparasi and Rukum, were split between two provinces. GovNp.com Government of Nepal in one simple website Nepal practiced the unitary system of government throughout its recorded history. The development has not reached every nook and corner of the country. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued a Level 4 Travel Health Notice for Nepal due to COVID-19. Nepal - Government Nepal. The election for the Constituent Assembly-II was successfully conducted on 4th Marga 2070 BS. First, it should recognize the capacity and resources available in the country. The Governor appoints the leader of the parliamentary party with the majority in the Provincial Assembly as the Chief Minister and the Council of Ministers are formed under the chairpersonship of the Chief Minister. 5 years. Nepal has reported 266,816 cases and 1,948 deaths from COVID-19 so far, according to official data. Second, the total number of provinces should be fixed scientifically, not as a whim. ⇒ Local and ethnic art, culture and heritage can be well protected. As per the constitution’s sole … The government also aspires to initiate programs and projects to fulfill the dreams of ‘Prosperous Nepal’ and ‘Happy Nepali’. SEE Also: essay on federalism in Nepal and its future. Each state has its own legislature and judiciary (high court), too. Next, the naming process of the provinces should be done on the three bases (without disintegrating the unity): All in all, the strength and recognition of the nation and citizen should not be ignored at any cost. It consists of the national legislature, executive, and judiciary. Km. Balance and proportional development through the concept of regional development have been a major effort under the unitary system. Now, we are in the process of making a ‘New Nepal’ on the federal concept. So, the federal system is not yet implemented in Nepal. Lifestyle and Travel Blog in English, Hindi and Nepali. Executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister and his/her cabinet, while legislative power is vested in the Parliament. (Reporting by Gopal Sharma; Writing by Alasdair Pal; Editing by Jan Harvey) Read more Prior to the abolition of the Nepali monarchy in 2008, it was officially known as His Majesty's Government. Introduction of Office. ⇒ The Federal system of government is more expensive so that there may be a lack of sufficient budget for its successful operation. The unitary system had failed to mobilize the resources for balanced and justifiable development. It is run and executed by the Prime Minister or President. But, this effort has been confined only in the blue print. However, it has been felt that it was not effective for the development and unity of the country. ⇒ The cultural and ethnic diversity can cause a challenge regarding the state language and maintain equal recognition to all cultural groups. [3] The current system of seven provinces replaced an earlier system where Nepal was divided into 14 Administrative Zones which were grouped into five Development Regions. Read the Department of State’s COVID-19 page before you plan any international travel. The second amendment of the Interim Constitution of Nepal 2063 endorsed the concern of Nepalese people through different political parties to make Nepal a federal country. ⇒ The country may divide or split. State restructuring is a process of political re-imagination of the state as per the changed circumstances. plz try to update this article as far as possible, This helped so much I looked for ever looking for something like this. It supervises government agencies to e… Any member of a Village Assembly or a Town Assembly will be eligible for the post of the Chairman, Vice Chairman or member of the District Coordination Committee of the concerned district. According to the Constitution, there are two houses in the federal legislature; the House of Representative (lower house) and the National Assembly (upper house). 23312 E-Mail: info@opmcm.gov.np It forms and executes own plans, policies, and programs required for the state. Under Shah and his successors, Nepal's borders expanded as far west as Kashmir and as far east as Sikkim (now part of India). ⇒ Unhealthy and unnecessary competition may take place between the provinces for development. There is a necessity of a federal system in Nepal. Reconsider travel to Nepal due to COVID-19.Exercise increased caution in Nepal due to the potential for isolated political violence. Nepal and SAARC; Nepal and BIMSTEC. However, it has been felt that it was not effective for the development and unity of the country. In the federal system, when the state government is found to be ineffective and unsuccessful or when the national emergency is declared, the federal government controls and directs the respective states until another appropriate arrangement is made. A committee was formed to reconstruct the districts of Nepal on 23 December 1956 and after two weeks of duration a report was submitted to government. It looks after foreign affairs such as defense, declaring war, signing treaties, agreements, and contracts, appointing and receiving ambassadors and developing the diplomatic relationship. We will, of course, get advantages of federalism in Nepal. Judicial: Highest court of Nepal. The constitution has highly encouraged decentralization of power and public participation. No political system is perfect in itself. Official website of Ministry of Education,Science and Technology Nepal, Singadurbar,Kathmandu, Nepal Government of Nepal Ministry of Education, Science and Technology COVID 19: … ⇒ Expensive form of government. The President is the head of the state and the Prime Minister is the head of the government i.e. The necessity of federal system in Nepal is clean and clear. We elected a ‘Constituent Assembly’ to write a new constitution on this concept on 28th Chaitra 2064 BS. Required fields are marked *. Your email address will not be published. There are also governments at a local level of village/town and district. National security and military management, The national highway, railway, postal service, Mobilize state security force and maintain public security, Preserve language, art, culture and other heritage, To coordinate among the village governments (guan Palika) and municipal governments (Nagar Palika) within the district, To monitor the development and construction activities in order to maintain a balance in them, To coordinate between the federal and provincial offices within the district and the village governments (guan Palika) and municipal governments (Nagar Palika), To carry out other functions according to the laws of the provincial states, Local taxes (property tax, house rent tax, service tax, land revenues, etc. But it was failed due to various reasons in its mission and got dissolved after four years. Screen Reader ... e-Governance in Nepal has steadily evolved from computerization of Government Departments. Candidates for each constituency are chosen by the political parties or stand as independents. The first meeting of the first Constituent Assembly, which was held on 15th Jestha 2065 declared Nepal as “Federal Democratic Republic Country”. It is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitude variation. The Provinces of Nepal were formed according to Schedule 4 of the Constitution of Nepal. This system is new for South Asian country Nepal. The executive there is headed by the Chief Minister. Do You know why is federal system felt necessary in Nepal? It looks after matters related to external defense, foreign affairs, etc. The government of Nepal deemed as a pivotal ministry due to carried out of it's vulnerable and especial service sector which are solemnly connected to the contribution of GDP, … Poverty, regional imbalance and unemployment still remained a major problem in the country. There are many challenges and opportunities in the federal system of governance in Nepal. The tenure of the Chairman, Vice Chairman and members of a District Coordination Committee will be 5 years from the date of appointment. The Supreme Court is the judicial organ of the federal government. ⇒ Accelerate development activities. Federalism is a dual government system in which there are parallel governments at the national level and local level. This was visibly expressed by the people during the People’s Movement-II in 2062/63 BS. The Government of Nepal is responsible for land acquisition and payment of any compensation to the project affected families. According to the Nepalko Jilla Prashasan Punargathanko Report, 2013 (A report of reconstruction of districts of Nepal, 1956), Nepal was first time divided into total 7 Kshetras (area). Once elected to any of the posts, he/she will automatically lose his/her post in the Village Assembly or Town Assembly. Babarmahal, Kathmandu, Nepal. It runs all the states combined under the common federal law. It consists of a Chairman, a Vice Chairman and maximum of 9 members including at least 3 women and a Dalit or minority citizen elected by the District Assembly. Would you please give detail information about the role of central,provincial and local government and the people for the successful implementation of federal system in the country. Koirala. ⇒ Increment of public participation in government activities. There are many causes of the necessity of a federal system in Nepal. Nepal - Government. It consists of the Chairmen and Vice-Chairmen of all village executives (guan Palika) as well as the Mayors and Deputy Mayors of all municipalities within the concerned district. A A. Government of Nepal Ministry of Communication and Information Technology Postal Services Department General Post Office Dillibazar, Kathmandu This was visibly expressed by the people during the People’s Movement-II in 2062/63 BS. Each state or province has a separate government along with its federal government in the center. ⇒ Helps to maintain balanced population distribution. The concept of federalism in Nepal is born some years ago but now Nepal is on the way of the concept of federalism in Nepal. In addition to the national government in the capital, there is an autonomous provincial government in each of the provincial states. [2] In 1972 all 14 zones grouped into 4 development regions, later in 1981 rearranged the zones into 5 following development regions. The quest for a multiparty, representative form of government had begun on December 15, 1960, when an unprecedented royal coup d'état dismissed the constitutionally elected government of Bishweshwar Prasad (B.P.) NeAt present about 28 countries of the world is having the federal system. Given below are some of the popular announcements: > 20 vacancies at Bharatpur Mahanagarpalika, Bagmati Province, Nepal for various positions Deadline: 22 January 2021 For healthy, sound competitive and proportional development of all the nooks and corners of the country. It occupies an area of 1,47,181 Sq. The concept paper of the 15th five-year plan was endorsed by the National Development Council (NDC) in Aril 2019. As Country makes significant progress in the use of ICT with the rapid growth of internet use and the adaptation of the latest technology, the government has also started to introduce the concept of e-governance in public service delivery. Appointed by the prime minister on the recommendation of the Constitutional Council and the Judicial Council. In 1951, the Nepali monarch ended the century-old system of rule by hereditary premiers and instituted a cabinet system that brought political parties into the government. It prepares an annual budget, collects the tax, revenues, etc. They are the central government, state government, and local bodies. Office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers Singhadurbar, Kathmandu, Nepal. For Provinces of various countries, see, "Memorial Step of King Mahendra in 1st Poush 2017 BS", "CA approves ceremonial prez, bicameral legislature", "NEPAL: Diluted proportional electoral system", Table of administrative divisions by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Provinces_of_Nepal&oldid=999860270, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 09:08. 4. Nepal Appoints Dav Whatmore as National Cricket Team Head Coach! This post may help you with my question “why is the federal system felt necessary in Nepal?”. Since Nepal uses a parallel voting system, voters cast another ballot to elect members through the party-list proportional representation. The powers and functions of the District Assembly are as follows. The current system of seven provinces replaced an earlier system where Nepal was divided into 14 Administrative Zones which were grouped into five Development Regions. A new constitution, drafted by a small group of individuals hand-picked by the king and the leaders of the political parties, was enacted in 1990. In this way, there is always a check and balance on the activities of the central government and provincial governments. Government of Nepal Ministry of Home affairs District Administration Office, Kathmandu. Every province has a ceremonial Head as the representative of the Federal government. It maintains sovereignty over all the states. It is run and executed by the Chief Minister or Governor. Each district has local units. Actually, the Constitution has provided for three levels of government. In this process, there can be a readjustment in the internal political division of the nation, devolution of power to the local bodies a°d state can be more ‘  democratic and inclusive with special arrangements to who is left behind. The seven provinces were formed by grouping the existing districts. We must consider more about resource allocation in federalism in Nepal. Executive duties in Nepal are carried out by the Council of Ministers. The prime minister is indirectly elected by parliament by political consent. There are broadly two concepts of the system of government: Unitary & Federal. Besides the good aspects of the federal system it may create some problems and challenges, like: ⇒ Unequal distribution of means and resources between the states may cause unequal development and misunderstanding among the states. ⇒ Conflict may settle at the local level. 1. 4th BIMSTEC; Nepal and ACD; Nepal and SCO; DIPLOMATIC MISSION. We all know that our present constitution promulgated on 3 Asoj, 2072 has adopted federalism and republicanism. In January 2016 the Government of Nepal announced temporary headquarters of the seven provinces. A committee was formed to reconstruct the districts of Nepal on 23 December 1956 and after two weeks of duration a report was submitted to government. Although there are some challenges of the federal system in Nepal and Nepali is ready to face the challenges of the federal system in Nepal. Embassy of Nepal; Permanent Mission of Nepal to UN; Consulates General of Nepal; Foreign Missions Accredited to Nepal. Phone: +977-1-4211000, 4211040, 4211035, 4211080 Fax: +977-1-4211065, 4211086, 4211038, 4211021, 4211047 Audio Notice Board: 1618070701111 P O Box No. We have pointed out some points about the necessity of the federal system in Nepal. THE DRAMATIC EVENTS of the beginning months of 1990 marked a watershed in Nepal's political system. ... 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