Causes.3. Sensing the dire need to conserve the forest cover and playing politics to score high on his national achievement card, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif announced the “Green Pakistan Programme”. “You see even Afghan bastis (slums) have started using solar power which is not very costly and one can transfer to this mode of energy easily, in order to save trees from being cut”. “Deforestation is a grave issue. “Even though there is enough space for tree growth along the border of the lands, owners were too skeptical to use that area for farm forestry” explained Nasir, “for they suspected government is going to own their land.”. “Each of Pakistan’s five provinces has its own forest law, intended to regulate forest conservation and timber harvesting according to local needs,” told Mohammad Saleem Deputy Director Media & Communications at the Ministry of climate change “But these are routinely ignored - often with the connivance of local politicians, some of whom encourage their constituents to cut down forest, sell the wood, and turn the land into profitable plots for farming or construction.”. You have to work all day and in return spend the money wisely” Raja told, “If I use cylinder, it would cost me a lot so wood is the best source (of energy).”. The roots of eucalyptus are greedily searching water in the ground even wandering off to the gutters and depleting water reservoirs rapidly, paving way for the uglier forms of water scarcity. Pakistan is not self-sufficient in wood based products and spends billions of rupees on import of wood and wood based products. On the other hand, more and more trees should be planted along the road sides. According to UN-REDD.org, the main aim of this initiative is to increase the total area of forests in the country which stands at 4.34 million hectares (5 per cent of total land) only. Certain soils are not appropriate for agriculture, such as the nutrient-deficient soils of rainforests as well as acidic soils. News reports document massive cutting of trees in Islamabad during the execution of metro bus project and expansion of Islamabad highway. I’m German born post-WWII generation when our hometown was bombarded our school friends were killed and we children would sit around the ruins. Take Action for a Deforestation-Free Future. Pakistan is a semi arid country with less than 4% of its area under forest cover.At the global level, WWF is lobbying governments to establish an ecologically … Carbon dioxide combined with these gases act like a blanket around the Earth. Question: What was the reason for planting these non-indigenous plants? Annual deforestation rate is 1.68% in the country which is the highest deforestation rate in Asia. Mangroves- In the process of rehabilitation. The government should promote “Green building designs and constructions” for every organization and every organization should have been given an annual target of tree plantation. Helga Ahmed, an environmental activist, striving for the preservation of forests especially in the Gilgit Baltistan region explained the massive deforestation in the region that was carried out in eighties and is now reaping the results in the form of frequent floods. So every strategy we come up with it has to be in respect to a particular specie. Imran Khan led government in KPK introduced alternative energy sources other than wood to curb deforestation. Forests reduce the pressure and flow of the water and hence a reduction in losses. Green Solutions for Pakistan. Following are some of the main causes of this large scale deforestation in Pakistan. Thick mangroves are a part of ecological feature of coastlines in Pakistan, which are now facing multiple threats to its existence despite having innumerous beneficial qualities especially protecting coast from sea intrusion. Industrialization followed by urbanization has accelerated this phenomenon. This has led to severe consequences desertification , flooding and endangering of wildlife . Deforestation 2. Green business concerns re-use and recycling. Other provinces of Pakistan should also follow ‘Tree tsunami’ concept as KPK government announced to plant one billion trees by the end of 2017. The Ministry of Climate Change confirmed this. Deforestation occurs when a land dominated by naturally occurring trees is converted to provide certain services in response to the human demand. Housing societies like Bahria town and DHA are planting palm tree just to beautify the environment. How they can serve trees and in reciprocity the trees will serve them. Although some have less and some have more lack of plants. We can’t apply one size fits all formula to this”, he added. “The absence of mangroves have lowered the guards against the global warming and climate change which are adversely impacting Pakistan.” told Dr Baig. The REDD+ program is a voluntary, national-level strategy designed to give financial incentives to countries under the United Nations Framework Conventions on Climate Change (UNFCCC), in return for demonstrated, verified reductions in net Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions. Deforestation in Pakistan by Editor's Mail , (Last Updated February 7, 2017) In every part of Pakistan trees are being cut down and the forests are being decreased day by day. Over the years, the genocidal trend of slaughtering trees has triggered disastrous climatic changes in the country. It states, “Considerable reduction of trees and vegetation, and rapid urbanization over the recent years had also contributed to the severity of the heat waves.”. However, no official body in Pakistan is working on its implementation. “Lower middle class cannot afford cylinder which costs around Rs 1400. We are already having a terrible water crises where people don’t even have water to drink. But Pakistan has only 4% forest which is rapidly being destroyed leading to rise in CO2.” Dr Baig told, “Therefore we can expect frequent heatwaves in Pakistan due to deforestation and less land vegetation.”, A report compiled by National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) factors deforestation and dwindling green spaces in assisting heat waves. According to Mahmood, every province needs to make their own wetland management authority to begin work in this sector as it is not in federal domain and is extremely beneficial for the forestry sector. For, if we don’t protect our nature then who is going to protect us. Deforestation.. Major reason for it is unchecked use of timber resources due to the population pressures.” Salam said, “Rapid urbanization has stripped urban areas of their green cover to clear land for settling the new arrivals.”. Saleem was of the view that since 53,000 people are directly employed in the forestry sector and millions others rely on them for livelihoods and meeting domestic energy needs. Even in areas where forested land is suitable for agriculture, replacing forests with monoculture crop or tree farms opens up the economic risk of failure from weather, pests or disease. Deforestation In Pakistan. “Uncontrolled urban sprawl due to urbanization is causing horizontal expansion of cities at the cost of agricultural land, orchards and forests,” said Dr. Malik Asghar Naeem head of department of urban planning at National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), “Mushroom growth of unplanned housing schemes in most of the cities are eating away our forests that may lead to the issue of food insecurity in near future.”. Doctor Ejaz Ahmad, senior director programs at WWF, explained that pesticide dealers have a corporate mentality which encourages farmers to cut trees and grow crops as a way of sustainable livelihood. 1. Reducing tropical deforestation can significantly lower global warming emissions and—together with efforts to reduce emissions from fossil fuels—plays an integral role in a comprehensive long-term solution to global warming. “The rising global temperatures are drying up water bodies, displacing communities, and increasing the desertification of fertile lands,” said Umar Saeed, an environmental activist and founder of Mohammad Ali Saeed Foundation. In search of quality food, it will be more exposed to the predator or human settlement. “I don’t think any conservation efforts will really save Pakistan’s fast shrinking forests as long as the government does not deal with the timber mafia with an iron fist.”, said Saleem. “Basically, they are the nurseries for different species of fish, prawns and crabs. According to the Ministry of Climate Change, even though 10 million trees were planted in Sindh in 2015, the figure was not large enough to prevent heat waves in Karachi. This article is jointly authored by Rabia Shafqat* and Manan Aslam**- *Student at University of Management and Technology (UMT), Sialkot**Faculty Member at Muhammad Nawaz Shareef University of Agriculture (MNSUAM), Multan. Pakistan is facing problem of deforestation. While in Arabia, they are rapidly shifting to Neem trees (Azadirachta indica) which are mosquito repellant, extremely beneficial for curing rashes and carries medicinal properties. This tree laden plateau with rich biodiversity and temperate temperature attracted General Ayub Khan to this place. “We want to inculcate in people that conserving forest is their source of livelihood not cutting them,” told Irfan Tariq, Director General of environment at the ministry of climate change. - by Sami Khan - 3 Comments. Deforestation is caused by various anthropogenic factors, forest fire and fragmentation of large contiguous forests. • Pakistan is the country with highest rate of deforestation in Asia. They basically grow in cold weather but Islamabad weather is not conducive to their growth. Even though we have gas in Murree but its pressure is almost zero.”, told Umar Naveed resident of village Dhal in Murree. Principally, a rural community mainly depends on the forests to access water, medicine, fuel as well as for food items. Neem is indigenous tree, which is rapidly being uprooted in Pakistan for the nexus of reasons while the world is adopting it as a sword to combat climate change. According to Environment protection agency, over the years, industrialization has caused massive emission of carbon dioxide and other gases into the air. Looking ahead, I hope that my country can transform the Green Emergency into a Green Revolution. The main reasons of deforestation are urbanization, farming, overgrazing, and tourism development. During 1958 to 1968, Ayub Khan’s main emphasis was the on green Pakistan that means plantation of quick growing trees, prioritizing Eucalyptus. A large number of people & industries depend on forests for their livelihoods for fuel wood, food, paper, lumber, latex, eco-tourism as well as medicine. Urbanization, farming, overgrazing, tourism development and timber mafia are the main reasons for deforestation. The next phase is National REDD+ strategy and its implementation framework, followed by raising awareness. Deforestation: The human and economic costs, Environmentalist Helga Catrina Ahmad explains how the invasive alien species of plants are causing environmental harm to. The secretariat of the convention on biological diversity states that forests play a pivotal role in the hydrological cycle which influences how water is routed and stored in a watershed. We cried and prayed at that time so our elders decided that we should get involve in collecting herbs, seeds, nuts and mushrooms etc. The official Ramsar convention website states that peat lands are kind of wetland areas with a naturally accumulated layer of dead organic material such as moss which help with natural forest growth. Pakistan’s forest resources are shrinking at a rate of one percent which will have dreadful effects on the people of Pakistan. However, United Nations Food and Agriculture organization (FAO)’s state of forest report documents a mammoth increase to 41000 hectares deforestation rate per year in Pakistan. climatic changes due to deforestation Causes Of deforestation: Human causes: Caring out mining activities Urbanization Sprawling growth of colonies Overgrazing Used in industrialization Effects of deforestation EFFECTS ON HUMANS Deforestation Natural causes: Flood in which water Allowing the communities to have an alternate source of income besides fishing, which remained their main profession not only benefits them but also creates healthy ecology. Question: Did you ever serve in government for forestry? Deforestation is the permanent destruction of forests in order to utilize the land or trees. Moreover, this model is based on the “Great green wall programme” of China in which Chinese government aimed to combat desertification by planting 100 billion trees along the northern part of China’s Gobi desert. Deforestation is the replacement of forested areas to non-forest land for use such as cultivatable land, grazing land, desert, urban use, rural use or industrial use. Question: When was the first drive to increase the forest cover for the Islamabad? According to Saleem, timber mafia has already devoured vast tracts of forests in Pakistan and constitutes biggest threat to the existing forest resources. GIS technology can easily pin point where cutting takes place (but) massive corruption (is) benefit(ing) all.”, said Amir. “These plantations will certainly benefit local communities as mangroves are the important source of livelihood for them”, says Asif Ali Sandeelo, Senior Communication Officer at WWF-Pakistan Karachi. The significant number of ruinous illnesses cure can be found right now in various trees & herbs, but might be in future deforestation may remove everlasting the ability of something to discover which could be benefited for the human race in the coming years. Pakistan institute of forests (PFI), in 2004 recorded deforestation rate in the country at 27000 hectares per year. Reduce your consumption of single-use products. In Holland, whenever mating season of frogs approach a particular road is blocked for some time by authorities. According to the Ministry of Climate change (MoCC), ‘+’ stands for additional activities as a result of the plan such as enhancing carbon storage and biodiversity conservation. A study conducted by the University of Columbia has found that deforestation is largely driven by urbanization. Environment of Islamabad is not favorable to the growth of bearing good quality palm trees. Wood is used by industry for various purposes as furniture making, paper, and buildings construction. And which trees were planted? Malik Amin Aslam Khan, environment adviser to PTI and mastermind behind this campaign, told “Billion Tree Tsunami” project was registered under the Global “Bonn Challenge” on afforestation - which is a global voluntary initiative of countries opting to increase forestry under the umbrella of the UN convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). March 18, 2018. Its lead author Ruth Defries wrote: “The main drivers of deforestation have shifted from small scale landholders to domestic and international markets that are distant from the forests.”. A Future Destroyed For A Bottle Of Honey! After coming into power in KPK and taking the role of opposition in the centre, Imran Khan announced “billion tree tsunami” campaign to combat climate change. The main actor involved in bringing such change was timber mafia. Pakistan has only 2.5 percent of forest cover with an alarming rate of deforestation. Question: What are the consequences of planting non-indigenous trees? 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