approaches in supervision, for example starting with developmental areas, asking the staff member to prioritise eight most important areas of work for discussion to avoid an overly case management approach. A supervisor should have the ability to take initiative and explore a new world of opportunity because it is necessary for the supervisor to provide new ideas and new to explore the opportunity to his employees. What is Supervision? The effectiveness of supervision is determined by the degree of performance extracted from the subordinates. Wiktionary (0.00 / 0 votes) Rate this definition: supervision (Noun) The act or instance of supervising. Therefore, management is judged as he/ she is judged by the workers. A skilled and experienced supervisor trained his employees and make them more professional under his supervision and build. He supervises the work of subordinates. Supervision is a Latin Word. This should be carefully understood that the supervisor should not depend on a single technique. Content Guidelines 2. ii. A lot of time is spent on relaying messages which, in any case, may take long to reach the subordinates concerned. According to this sociological concept, supervisor is either left out of main activities and influences affecting his/her department or he/she is just on the margin. 6. According to the Toft Hartley Act, 1947 (USA), ‘Supervisors are those having authority to exercise independent judgement in hiring, discharging, disciplining, rewarding and taking other actions of a similar nature with respect to employees’. The volunteers were commonly known as ‘visitors’. They rightly feel that their efficient performance may not get due recognition, but delay in performance on their part will invite quick rebuke and punishment. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about Economics. Correct the mistakes of his/her subordinates, 13. It enables you to direct and coordinate resources to ensure that the project goals are met. The task is to work together to ensure and develop the efficacy of the therapist/client relationship. Submission of reports, returns etc. Supervisors belong to the third level of management (a first-line supervisor is one who is just above the rank and file workers engaged in production). But in the ordinary sense of the word, supervision is concerned with directing and guiding non-management members of the organisation. Under it, the man at the top has a number of deputies, each of whom looks after a particular activity or department. They can only offer advice to line supervisors who may or may not accept it. Further, they are getting all possible help in accomplishing their assigned work. (3) Never Decide Anything in a Hurried Way: It is a very rash approach to form an opinion about anybody hurriedly after a casual glance or a brief hearing, as most of the complaints may not be genuine. As described by the BPS, it is a professional and ethical Supervision. (d) Frequent clash of views between supervisor and his superior. The literal meaning of the term ‘supervision’ is to ‘oversee’ or ‘to inspect the work of other persons’. In this way, the primary objective of a supervisor is to help in getting the production maximised both quality- and quantity-wise. In management supervision means “Overseeing the subordinates at work with authority and with an aim to guide the employees, if he is doing wrong.”. (d) Capacity of subordinates and degree of delegation. As a leader of his section, he has to capitalise human emotions, sentiments, and attitudes for maximum productivity without sacrificing employee satisfaction. The purpose of professional supervision gives the opportunity for employer and worker to come together to reflect on work practise and reflect and evaluate their work through discussion, report and observation. He should ensure that actual performance is compared to that of pre – established standards and reward the better performance and punish when there are negative deviations. Welcome to EconomicsDiscussion.net! (b) Indifference to ideas, suggestions and grievances of subordinates. Supervision is giving employees specific instructions on what is to be done, monitoring their efforts and holding them accountable for specific results. Second, the line supervisor can benefit from the expert advice of staff executives who are specialists in their respective fields of work. Develop employee potential to an extent where they need no supervision, 8. Workers feel frustrated when the work being done by them is not properly arranged. Therefore, a supervisor must be free from all duties except supervision and its related functions. It depends on a number of considerations. His techniques differ from situation to situation, from work to work, from individual to individual, from group to group and from organisation to organisation. This means, human relations play a significant role in productivity. The terms supervision and leadership often get used interchangeably, but they are two unique activities engaged in to achieve specific outcomes. From the point of view of emphasis on maximising production – The definition following under this category associates supervision with output, that is, because of their skills, expertise and experience etc., supervisors help their subordinates to improve their output in terms of both quantity and quality. So, Taylor divided the foreman’s job into a number of different functions and provided a separate supervisor for each function. According to M. S. Vitoles, supervision refers to the direct, immediate guidance and control of subordinates in the performance of their jobs. Supervision means when senior employees of the organization guiding, commanding and regulating the efforts of employees towards the goals.it direct involves personal contact with the employees. Delegate authority and win their confidence. In this way, workers can improve their performance in future. Further, they are getting all possible help in accomplishing their assigned work. The time devoted by top management to supervision is only 20% whereas supervisor (or foreman or overseer or superintendent or section officer) devotes about 80% of his time to supervision. Supervision means when senior employees of the organization guiding, commanding and regulating the efforts of employees towards the goals.it direct involves personal contact with the employees. Top management supervises managers whereas supervisor supervises workers. He communicates the policies of the management to workers (downward communication) and also provides feed back to the management as to what is happening at the lowest level (upward communication). Have a clear understanding about his/her plan of action, 15. Every supervisor issues orders and instructions to his subordinates. Definitions. Requisites of Effective Supervision. R. C. Allan has called it a ‘responsibility job’, which is above ‘work job’. He gets the job done easily. A manager is a human being with natural limitations as regards the time and energy he can devote to the activities falling under his supervision. Significance 4. A supervisor is a representative of the management and a very important figure from workers point of view. Supervision is a process that involves a manager meeting regularly and interacting with staff to review their work and provide support. His suggestions are received with appreciation and due attention is paid to it. To establish the decorum make sure rule and regulations. Definition of supervision in the Definitions.net dictionary. / ˌsuː.pəˈvɪʒ. Only then it becomes possible for the supervisor to give technical advise to the employees. In modern set up he can take routine decisions within the framework provided for the purpose. We should first distinguish between these two functions. So supervision improves communication. Effective supervision in a variety of settings The context for effective supervision: Developing a supervision policy. 2. A good leader should not argue but listen carefully and issue orders only after careful listening. 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